Foraminifera as environmental proxies of the Middle Miocene (Early Badenian) sediments of the Central Depression (Central Paratethys, Moravian part of the Carpathian Foredeep)


Authors: Kopecka J

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 87, issue 3; pages: 431 - 442; Received 7 July 2011; Accepted in revised form 13 January 2012; Online 12 June 2012

Keywords: Middle Miocene, Early Badenian, Central Paratethys, Carpathian Foredeep, foraminifera, palaeoecology, Czech Republic,

full text (PDF, 1.72 MB)

Export to RIS


Supplementary material

Appendix 1. (81 kB)

Abundance of foraminifera species in the samples of the HV-5 Rybníček core.



Middle Miocene sediments of the Central Depression have been studied based on foraminifera with a view to characterize palaeoenvironmental conditions. Rock material from HV-5 Rybniček core were used. Foraminiferal evidence indicates biostratigraphic range of the lower part of the Upper Lagenid Zone (Early Badenian–Langhian, Middle Miocene). The sediments originate from a deeper marine basin at the level of outer shelf with potential extension deeper into the bathyal realm. Bottom waters were well-oxygenated with a redox boundary a few centimeters from the sea floor which was colonized by sub- and dysoxic foraminifers. Palaeotemperature of marine water corresponds to the Miocene climatic optimum with short-time climatic oscillations of cooler climate


Báldi, K. 2006. Paleoceanography and climate of the Badenian (Middle Miocene, 16.4–13.0 Ma) in the Central Paratethys based on foraminifera and stable isotope (?18O and ?13C) evidence. International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschau) 95, 119–142. View article

Berggren, W.A., Kent, D.V., Swisher, C.C. & Aubry, M.P. 1995. A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy, 129–212. In Berrgren, W.A., Kent, D.V. & Hardenbol, J. (eds) Geochronology, Time Scale and Global Stratigraphic Correlations: a Unified Temporal Framework for an Historical Geology. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication 54.

Bicchi, M., Ferrero, E. & Gonera, M. 2003. Palaeoclimatic interpretation based on Middle Miocene planktonic Foraminifera: the Silesia Basin (Paratethys) and Monferrato (Tethys) records. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 196, 265–303. View article

Böhme, M. 2003. The Miocene Climatic Optimum: evidence from exothermic vertebrates of Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 31, 1–13. View article

Boltovskoy, E. & Wright, R. 1976. Recent Foraminifera. 515 pp. Dr. W. Jung Publication, The Huage.

Brzobohaty, R. 1981. Paleoecology of the fossil Myctophids (Myctophidae, Teleostei). Západné Karpaty, séria Paleontológia6 P, 31–38.

Brzobohatý, R. 1987. Contribution to the paleogeography of the Central Paratethys basins (Miocene) based on otolith fauna. Knihovnička ZPN, Miscellanea micropaleontologica II/2, 101–111.

Brzobohatý, R. 1997. Paleobathymetry of the Lower Badenian (Middle Miocene, Carpathian Foredeep, South Moravia) based on otholiths, 37–65. In Hladilová, Š. (ed.) Dynamika vztahů marinního a kontinetálního prostředí. Masarykova univerzita, Brno.

Burghardt, R. & Molčíková, V. 1964. A new finding of the Tortonian tufface from the Carpathian Foredeep at Moravia. Zprávy Vlastivědného ústavu v Olomouci, Oddíl přírodovědný 131, 8–12.

Cicha, I. 2001. Outline of the stratigraphy of the Middle Miocene in the Alpine –Carpathian foredeep (Lower Austria, Moravia). Scripta Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Geology 30, 23–26.

Cicha, I. & Čtyroká, J. 1995. Stratigraphical problems of the boundary members of the Karpatian and Early Badenian in the Southern Carpathian Foredeep. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 1994, 20–21.

Cicha, I., Rögl, F., Rupp, C. & Čtyroká, J. (eds) 1998. Oligocene–Miocene Foraminifera of the Central Paratethys. 325 pp. Verlag Waldemar Kramer, Franfurkt am Main.

Den Dulk, M., Reichardt, G.J., Van Heyst, S., Zachariasse, W.J. & Zwaan, G.J. van der 2000. Benthic Foraminifera as proxies of organic matter flux and bottom water oxygenation? A case history from the northern Arabian Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 161, 337–359. View article

Doláková, N. & Slamková,M. 2003. Palynological characteristics of the Karpatian sediments, 325–345. In Brzobohatý, R., Cicha, I., Kováč, M. & Rögl, F. (eds) The Karpatian – an Early Miocene stage of the Central Paratethys. Masaryk University, Brno.

Grill, R. 1941. Stratigraphische Untersuchungen mit Hilfe von Mikrofaunen im Wiener Becken und den benachbarten Molasseanteilen. Öl und Kohle 37, 595–602.

Harzhauser, M. & Piller, W.E. 2007. Benchmark data of a changing sea-paleogeography, paleobiography and events in the Central Paratethys during the Miocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 8–31. View article

Hinsbergen, D.J.J. van, Kouwenhoven, T.J. & Zwaan, G.J. van der 2005. Paleobathymetry in the backstripping procedure: Correction for oxygenation effects on depth estimates. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 221, 245–265. View article

Hohenegger, J. 2005. Estimation of environmental paleogradient values based on presence/absence data: a case study using benthic foraminifera for paleodepth estimation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 217, 115–130. View article

Hohenegger, J., Ćorić, S., Khatun, H., Pervesler, P., Rögl, F., Rupp, C., Selge, A., Uchman, A. & Wagreich, M. 2009. Cyclostratigraphic dating in the Lower Badenian (Middle Miocene) of the Vienna Basin (Austria): the Baden-Sooss core. International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschau) 98(4), 915–930. View article

Holcová, K. & Zágoršek, K. 2008. Bryozoa, foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton as environmental proxies of the “bryozoan event” in the Middle Miocene of the central Paratethys (Czech Republic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 267, 216–234. View article

Jorissen, F.J., Destigter, H.C. & Widmark, J.G.V. 1995. A conceptual model explaining benthic foraminifera microhabitat. Marine Micropaleontology 26, 3–15. View article

Kaiho, K. 1994. Benthic foraminiferal dissolved-oxygen index and dissolved-oxygen levels in the modern ocean. Geology 22, 719–722. View article

Kaiho, K. 1999. Effect of organic carbon flux and dissolved oxygen on the benthic foraminiferal oxygen index (BFOI). Marine Micropaleontology 37, 67–76. View article

Kopecká, J. 2009. Deep-water and shalow-water development of Lower Badenian in Middle Moravia. Geologické výzkumy na Moravě a ve Slezsku v roce 2008, 7–10.

Kováč, M. 2000. Geodynamic, paleogeographic and structural development of the Carpathian–Pannonian Region during the Miocene. 202 pp. Veda, Bratislava.

Kováč, M., Andreyeva-Grigorovich, A., Bajraktarevic, Z., Brzobohatý, R., Filipescu, S., Fodor, L., Harzhauser, M., Nagymarosy, A., Oszczypko, N., Paveli, D., Rögl, F., Saftic, B., Sliva, L. & Studencka, B. 2007. Badenian evolution of the Central Paratethys Sea: paleogeography, climate and eustatic sea-level changes. Geologica Carpathica 58(6), 579–606.

Molčíková, V. 1963. The Lower Tortonian microfauna from the Carpathian Foredeep. 134 pp. Geofond, Prague.

Martini, E. 1971. Standard Tertiary and Quaternary calcareous nannoplankton zonation. Proceeding of 2nd Planktonic Conference, Roma 1970, 739–785.

Murray, J.W. 1991. Ecology and Palaeoecology of Benthic Foraminifera. 397 pp. Longman Scientific & Technical, London.

Nehyba, S., Brzobohatý, R., Hladilová, Š. & Doláková, N. 2000. Paleobathymetry of the Carpathian Foredeep in Moravia (Czech Republic) during the Lower Badenian. Biuletyn Panstwowego Instituta Geologicznego 387, 144–145.

Nehyba, S. & Šikula, J. 2007. Depositional architecture, sequency stratigraphy and geodynamic development of the Carpathian Foredeep (Czech Republic). Geologica Carpathica 58(1), 53–69.

Papp, A. & Turnovsky, K. 1953. Die Entwicklung der Uvigerinen im Vindobon (Helvet und Torton) des Wiener Beckens. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien 96, 117–142.

Papp, A., Cicha, I., Seneš, J. & Steininger, F. 1978. Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen Miozän der Zentralen Paratethys, M4 Badenien. 594 pp. Veda, Bratislava.

Patterson, R.T., Fowler, A.D. & Huber, B.T. 2004. Evidence of hierarchical organization in the planktic foraminiferal evolutionary record. The Journal of Foraminiferal Research 34, 85–95. View article

Piller, W.E., Harzhauser, M. & Mandic, O. 2007. Miocene Central Paratethys stratigraphy – current status and future directions. Stratigraphy 4, 151–168.

Popov, S.V., Rögl, F., Rozanov, A.Y., Steininger, F.F., Shcherba, I.G. & Kováč, M. 2004. Lithological-paleogeographic maps of Paratethys. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 250, 1–46.

Rögl, F. 1986. Late Oligocene and Miocene planktonic foraminifera of the Central Paratethys, 315–328. In Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B. & Perch-Nielsen, K. (eds) Planktonic stratigraphy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rögl, F. 1998. Paleogeographic consideration for Mediterranean and Paratethys seaways (Oligocene to Miocene). Annalen den Naturhistorische Museum Wien 99, 279–310.

Rögl, F. & Steininger, F.F. 1983. Vom Zerfall der Tethys zu Mediterran und Paratethys. Die Neogene Palaogeographie und Palinspastik des zirkummediterranen Raumes. Annalen den Naturhistorische Museum Wien 85/A, 135–164.

Rögl, F., Spezafferri, S. & Ćorić, S. 2002. Micropaleontology and biostratigraphy of the Karpatian–Badenian transition (Early-Middle Miocene boundary) in Austria (Central Paratethys). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 237, 47–67.

Rögl, F. & Spezzaferri, S. 2003. Foraminiferal paleoecology and biostratigraphy of the Muhlbach section (Gaindorf Formation, Lower Badenian), Lower Austria. Annalen den Naturhistorische Museum Wien 104A, 23–75.

Rupp, C. & Hohenegger, J. 2008. Paloecology of planktonic foraminifera from the Baden-Sooss section (Middle Miocene, Badenian, Vienna Basin, Austria). Geologica Carpathica 59(5), 425–445.

Sen-Gupta, B.K. & Machain-Castillo, M.L. 1993. Benthic foraminifera in oxygen-poor habitats. Marine Micropaleontology 20, 183–201. View article

Spezzaferri, S. & Ćorić, S. 2001. Ecology of Karpatian (Early Miocene) foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton from Laa an der Thaya, Lower Austria: a statistical approach. Geologica Carpathica 52, 361–374.

Spezzaferri, S., Ćorić, S., Hohenegger, J. & Rögl, F. 2002. Basin-scale paleobiography and paleoecology: an example from Karpatian (Latest Burdigalian) benthic and planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils from the Central Paratethys. Geobios 35 (Supplement 1), 241–256. View article

Zwaan, G.J. van der, Jorissen, F.J. & de Stiger, H.C. 1990. The depth dependency of planktonic/benthonic foraminiferal ratios: constraints and applications. Marine Geology 95, 1–16. View article