Spinophyllum Wedekind, 1922 (Anthozoa, Rugosa), in the Lower Givetian (Devonian) of the Bohemian Massif

 

Authors: Galle A

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 82, issue 2; pages: 133 - 144; Received 30 March 2007; Accepted in revised form 22 June 2007;

Keywords: Middle Devonian, Rugosa, systematics, septal structures, biostratigraphy,

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Abstract

The rugose coral genus Spinophyllum Wedekind, 1922, occurs in Moravia (S. conicum Kettnerová, 1932 and S. ondra sp. nov.). Its most peculiar character is coarse septal trabeculae displaying the double bend of charactophyllids. In this feature it resembles Charisphyllum Oliver & Sorauf, 1988, synonymous with Spinophyllum. Spinophyllum sp. cf. conicum Kettnerová, 1932, known from the Koněprusy Acanthopyge Limestone of the Prague Basin, has its slender septal trabeculae arranged in a half-fan or asymmetrical fan and does not belong to Spinophyllum. The fine structures of rugose corals are repeating at the same taxa in various preservational environments. It seems to prove that these fine structures are at least based on the structures which originated through the life of corals. The mentioned fine structures were considered important diagnostic feature in the present paper.

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