The illaenid trilobites Vysocania (Vaněk & Vokáč, 1997) and Octillaenus (Barrande, 1846) from the Upper Ordovician of the Czech Republic, Portugal, Spain and Morocco

 

Authors: Pereira S, Marques da Silva C, Sá AA, Pires M, Marques Guedes A, Budil P, Laibl L, Rábano I

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 92, issue 4; pages: 465 - 490; Received 25 October 2016; Accepted in revised form 16 November 2017; Online 18 December 2017

Keywords: Stenopareia, Zetillaenus, Illaenidae, high-latitude peri-Gondwana, Dalmanitoidean Realm,

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Abstract

The illaenid trilobite Vysocania is widely represented in the Upper Ordovician of the Czech Republic, Portugal and Spain, and is one of the most characteristic taxa in the high-latitude peri-Gondwana palaeobiogeographical region to which it is endemic. Three species of the genus that were formerly assigned to Stenopareia and Zetillaenus, from the Czech Republic and Spain respectively, are herein revised, and a new species is described from the Czech Republic. The genus Octillaenus, of which a new species is described from the Upper Ordovician of Morocco, is considered to have arisen from Vysocania through paedomorphic (neotenic) processes. The relationships between Vysocania, Octillaenus, Stenopareia and Zetillaenus are reviewed and the criteria used in the definition of these taxa discussed. Species assigned to Vysocania are V. vaneki (type-species), V. iberica, V. moraveci sp. nov. and V. panderi; species assigned to Octillaenus are O. hisingeri (type-species) and O. marocanus sp. nov. Vysocania appears for the first time in the lower Berounian (Sandbian) and has its last undoubted record in the upper Berounian (upper Katian); Octillaenus is presently restricted to the Kralodvorian (upper Katian).

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