New occurence of the Cambrian (Stage 4, Series 2) Guanshan Biota in Huize, Yunnan, South China

 

Authors: Liu JN, Ou Q, Han J, Zhang ZF, He TJ, Yao XY, Fu DJ, Shu DG

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 87, issue 1; pages: 125 - 132; Received 22 September 2010; Accepted in revised form 4 August 2011; Online 29 February 2012

Keywords: Guanshan Biota, lower Cambrian, China,

full text (PDF, 6.83 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

Typical elements of the Guanshan Biota are reported from the Cambrian Stage 4 Wulongqing Formation of Huize, Qujing, South China, approximately 100 km north of the Guanshan fossil sites previously reported. Lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the current Zhujiaqing section are also discussed herein. Representatives of various phyla recovered therein include not only previously described sponges, palaeoscolecids, arthropods, brachiopods, echinoderms, and vetulicolians, but also some potential new taxa, e.g. a new species of Vetulicola. This new occurrence not only expands the palaeogeographic distribution of the Guanshan Biota, but also strengthens the ties between the younger Chengjiang Biota and the older Kaili Biota (and also the coeval Burgess Shale community)

References

Hu, S.X., Li, Y., Luo, H.L., Fu, X.P., You, T., Pang, J.Y., Liu, Q. & Steiner, M. 2008. New record of palaeoscolecids from the Early Cambrian of Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 82(2), 244-248. View article

Hu, S.X., Li, X.K., Tan, X.H., Zhan, D.Q. & Luo, H.L. 2010b. Phlogites from the Early Cambrian Guanshan Fauna. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 49(3), 360-364.

Hu, S.X., Luo, H.L., Hou, S.G. & Erdtmann, B.-D. 2007. Eocrinoid echinoderms from the Lower Cambrian Guanshan Fauna in Wuding, Yunnan, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 52(5), 717-719. View article

Hu, S.X., Zhang, Z.F., Holmer, L.E. & Skovsted, C.B. 2010c. Soft-part preservation in a linguliform brachiopod from the lower Cambrian Wulongqing Formation (Guanshan Fauna) of Yunnan, South China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 55(3), 495-505. View article

Hu, S.X., Zhu, M.Y., Steiner, M., Luo, H.L., Zhao, F.C. & Liu, Q. 2010a. Biodiversity and taphonomy of the early Cambrian Guanshan biota, eastern Yunnan. Science China - Earth Sciences 53(12), 1765-1773. View article

Ivantsov, A.Y. & Wrona, R. 2004. Articulated palaeoscolecid sclerite arrays from the Lower Cambrian of eastern Siberia. Acta Geologica Polonica 54(1), 1-22.

Li, Y.W., Chen, L.Z., Luo, H.L., Fu, X.P., Hu, S.X., You, T. & Liu, Q. 2006. New advances in the study of the Early Cambrian Guanshan fauna in the Kunming area, Yunnan, China. Geological Bulletin of China 25(3), 415-418.

Li, Y.W. 1975. Cambrian ostracode and new occurrence in Sichuan, Yunnan and Shaanxi Province [A]. Proceedings on Palaeontology and Stratigraphy C 2, 37-72. [in Chinese]

Lu, Y.H. 1961. New Lower Cambrian trilobites from eastern Yunnan. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 9(4), 299-328.

Lu, Y.H. 1962. The Cambrian system of China, 1-117. Scientific Report of the 1st All China Conference on Stratigraphy. Science Press, Beijing. [in Chinese]

Luo, H.L. 1974. The illustrated books of fossils from Yunnan (The trilobite), 597-694. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming. [in Chinese]

Luo, H.L., Fu, X.P., Hu, S.X., Li, Y., Chen, L.Z., You, T. & Liu, Q. 2005. New vetulicoliids from the Lower Cambrian Guanshan Fauna, Kunming. Acta Geologica Sinica 79(1), 1-6. View article

Luo, H.L., Fu, X.P., Hu, S.X., Li, Y., Chen, L.Z., You, T. & Liu, Q. 2006. New bivalved arthropods from the early Cambrian Guanshan fauna in the Kunming and Wuding area. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 45(4), 460-472.

Luo, H.L., Hu, S.X., Chen, L.Z., Zhang, S.S. & Tao, Y.H. 1999. Early Cambrian Chengjiang Fauna from Kunming region, China. 129 pp. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming. [in Chinese with English summary]

Luo, H.L., Jiang, Z.W. & Tang, L.D. 1994. Stratotype Section for Lower Cambrian Stages in China. 183 pp. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming. [in Chinese]

Luo, H.L., Li, Y., Hu, S.X., Fu, X.P., Hou, S.G., Liu, X.R., Chen, L.Z., Li, F.J., Pang, J.Y. & Liu, Q. 2008. Early Cambrian Malong Fauna and Guanshan Fauna from Eastern Yunnan, China. 122 pp. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming. [in Chinese with English summary]

Mansuy, H. 1912. Etude géologique de Yunnan Oriental. Pt. 2. Palaeontogie. Mémoires du Service Géologique de L’Indochine 1(2), 1-146.

Pan, J. 1957. On the discovery of homopoda from South China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 5(4), 523-526.

Redlich, K. 1899. The Cambrian fauna of the eastern Salt Range. Memories of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologica India, New Series 1, 1-13.

Resser, C.E. & Endo, R. 1937. The Sinian and Cambrian formations and fossils of southern Manchoukuo. Manchurian Science Museum Bulletin 1, 1-474.

Rigby, J.K. 1986. Sponges of the Burgess Shale (Middle Cambrian), British Columbia. Paleontographica Canadiana 2, 1-105.

Rong, J.Y. 1974. Cambrian brachiopods, 113-114. In Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Academia Sinica (ed.) Handbook of palaeontology and stratigraphy of southwest China. Science Press, Beijing. [in Chinese]

Shu, D.G. 2005. On the phylum Vetulicolia. Chinese Sciences Bulletin 50, 2342-2354.

Shu, D.G., ConwayMorris, S., Han, J., Chen, L., Zhang, X.L., Zhang, Z.F., Liu, H.Q., Li, Y. & Liu, J.N. 2001. Primitive deuterostomes from the Chengjiang Lagerstätte (Lower Cambrian, China). Nature 414, 419-424. View article

Shu, D.G., Conway Morris, S., Zhang, Z.F. & Han, J. 2010. The earliest history of the deuterostomes: the importance of the Chengjiang Fossil-Lagerstätte. Proceeding of Royal Society of London B277, 165-174. View article

Yang, J., Hou, X.G., Cong, P.Y., Dong, W., Zhang, Y.X. & Luo, M.B. 2010. A new vetulicoliid from lower Cambrian, Kunming, Yunnan. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 49(1), 54-63.

Zhang, W.T. 1966. On the classification of Redlichiacea, with description of new families and new genera. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 14(2), 135-184. [in Chinese with English summary]

Zhang, W.T. 1974. Cambrian ostracode, 107-111. In Nanjing Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica (ed.) Handbook of palaeontology and stratigraphy of southwest China. 454 pp. Science Press, Beijing. [in Chinese]

Zhang, W.T., Lu, Y.H., Zhu, Z.L., Qian, Y.Y., Lin, H.L., Zhou, Z.Y., Zhang, S.G. & Yuan, J.L. 1980. Cambrian trilobite faunas of southwestern China. Palaeontologica Sinica 159, New Series B 16.