Palaeoclimate analysis of the flora of the Klikov Formation, Upper Cretaceous, Czech Republic

 

Authors: Váchová Z, Kvaček J

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 84, issue 2; pages: 257 - 268; Received 26 September 2008; Accepted in revised form 8 April 2009; Online 15 May 2009

Keywords: flora, Klikov Formation, Late Cretaceous, palaeoclimate, CLAMP, CoA,

full text (PDF, 2.05 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

The Late Cretaceous flora of the Klikov Formation (Upper Turonian-Santonian) in South Bohemia comprises 110 species representing pteridophytes, ferns, conifers, angiosperms, macro and mesofossils. Palaeoclimatic analysis of the Klikov Formation Flora using methods of Leaf Margin Analysis, Climate Leaf Analysis Multivariate Program (CLAMP) and the Nearest Living Relative allows us to conclude that this flora experienced a seasonally dry subtropical climate. Mean annual temperature is predicted to have been approximately 15°C. Numerous charcoalified fossils strongly suggest frequent fires typical of a seasonally dry climate.

References

Anonymus 2008. Tropical seeds. Trade winds fruit. http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/order_fruit_m_z.htm Bailey, I.W. & Sinnott, E.W. 1915. A botanical index of Cretaceous and Tertiary climates. Science 41, 831-834.View article

Beck, D.E. 1990. Liriodendron tulipifera L. yellow poplar, 406-416. In Burns, R.M. & Honkala, B.H. (eds) Silvics of North America. Volume 2. Hardwoods. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Washington.

Behera, M.D., Kushwaha, S.P.S., Roy, P.S., Srivastava, S., Singh, T.P. & Dubey, R.C. 2002. Comparing structure and composition of coniferous forests in Subansiri district, Arunchal Pradesh. Current Science 82(1), 70-76.

Ettingshausen, C. 1852. Über fossile Pflanzen bei Wittingau in Böhmen. Jahrbuch der kaiserlich-königliche geologische Reichsanstalt 1852, 144.

Frumin, S. & Friis, E.M. 1999. Magnoliid reproductive organs from the Cenomanian-Turonian of north-western Kazakhstan: Magnoliaceae and Illiciaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 216, 265-288.View article

Falcon-Lang, H.J., Kvaček, J. & Uličný, D. 2001. Fireprone plant communities and palaeoclimate of a Late Cretaceous fluvial to estuarine environment, Pecínov quarry, Czech Republic. Geological Magazine 138(5), 563-576.View article

Hayes, P.A., Francis, J.E., Cantrill, D.J. & Crame, J.A. 2006. Palaeoclimate analysis of Late Cretaceous angiosperm leaf floras, James Ross Island, Antarctica. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 258, 49-62.View article

Heer, O. 1855. Die tertiäre Flora der Schweiz: Criptogamen, Gymnospermen und Monocotyledonen. 117 pp. J. Wurster, Winterthur. Heer, O. 1856. Die tertiäre Flora der Schweiz: Die apetalen Dicotyledonen. 110 pp. J. Wurster, Winterthur.

Heer, O. 1859. Die tertiäre Flora der Schweiz: Die gamopetalen und polypetalen Dicotyledonen. 377 pp. J. Wurster, Winterthur.

Herman, A.B. 2004. Quantitative paleobotanical data: constraints on Late Cretaceous climates in Eurasia and Alaska, 88-104. In Leonov, I.G. (ed.) Klimat v epokhi krupnykh biosfernykh perestroek (Climates in the epochs of major biospheric transformations). Nauka.

Herman, A.B. & Kvaček, J. 2002. Campanian Günbach flora of Lower Austria, preliminary floristics and palaeoclimatology. Annales Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien 103A, 1-21.

Herman, A.B. & Kvaček, J. 2007. Early Campanian Grünbach flora of Austria: systematic composition and palaeoclimatic interpretations. Acta Palaeobotanica 47(1), 37-55.

Herman, A.B. & Spicer, R.A. 1996. Palaeobotanical evidence for a warm Cretaceous Arctic Ocean. Nature 380, 330-333.View article

Herman, A.B. & Spicer, R.A. 1997. New quantitative palaeoclimate data for the Late Cretaceous Arctic: evidence for a warm polar ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 128, 227-251.View article

Herman, A.B., Spicer, R.A. & Kvaček, J. 2002. Late Cretaceous climate of Eurasia and Alaska: a quantitative palaeobotanical approach, 93-108. In Wagreich,M. (ed.) Aspect of Cretaceous Stratigraphy and Palaeobiogeography. Österrische Akademie der Wissenschaften 15.

Kenedy, E.M., Spicer, R.A. & Rees, P.M. 2002. Quantitative palaeoclimate estimates from Late Cretaceous and Paleocene leaf floras in the northwest of the South Island, New Zealand. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 184, 321-345.View article

Knobloch, E. 1964. Neue Pflanzenfunde aus dem südböhmischen Senon. Jahrbuch des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, 133-201.

Knobloch, E. 1985. Paläobotanisch-biostratigraphische Charakteristik der Klikov-Schichtenfolge (Oberturon-Santon) in Südböhmen. Sborník geologických věd, Geologie 40, 101-145.

Knobloch, E. & Mai, D.H. 1984. Neue Gattungen nach Früchten und Samen aus dem Cenoman bis Maastricht (Kreide) von Mitteleuropa. Feddes Repert 95, 3-41.

Knobloch, E.&Mai, D.H. 1986. Monographie der Früchte und Samen in der Kreide von Mitteleuropa. Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického 47, 1-219.

Knobloch, E. & Mai, D.H. 1991 Evolution of Middle and Upper Cretaceous floras in Central and Western Europe. Geologisches Jahrbuch Reihe A 134, 257-270.

Kovac, W.L. & Spicer, R. 1995. Canonical Correspondence Analysis of Leaf Physiognomy: a Contribution to the Development of a new palaeoclimatological Tool. Palaeoclimates 1, 125-138.

Kvaček, J. & Váchová, Z. 2006. Revision of platanoid foliage from the Cretaceous of the Czech Republic. Časopis Národního muzea, Řada přírodovědná 175(3-4), 77-89.

Kvaček, Z. & Teodoridis, V. 2007. Tertiary macrofloras of the Bohemian Massif: a review with correlations within Boreal and Central Europe. Bulletin of Geosciences 82(4), 383-408.View article

Malecha, A., Špinar, Z., Bořková-Gabrielová, N., Mrá- zek, A., Němejc, F., Pacltová, B., Řeháková, Z. & Slánská, J. 1962. Nové dělení a označení stratigrafických jednotek jihočeských pánví. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického 37(3), 161-170.

Mai, D.H. 1970. Funde von Saurauia Willd. im europaischen Alttertiar. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Friedrich-Schiller- Universität Jena, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, 385-392.

Mosbrugger, V. 1999. The nearest living relative method, 261-265. In Johnes, T.P. & Rowe, N.P. (eds) Fossil plants and spores: Modern techniques. The Geological Society, London.

Mosbrugger, V. & Utescher, T. 1997. The coexistence approach - a method for quantitative reconstructions of Tertiary terrestrial palaeoclimate data using plant fossils. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 134, 61-86.View article

Němejc, F. 1938. První nález křídové květeny v jihočeské pánvi. Časopis Národního muzea, Oddíl přírodovědecký 112, 167.

Němejc, F. 1961. Fossil plants from Klikov in S. Bohemia (Senonian). Rozpravy Československé akademie věd, Řada matematicko-přírodovědná 1(1), 1-48.

Němejc, F. & Kvaček, Z. 1975. Senonin plant macrofossils from the region of Zliv and Hluboká (near České Budějovice). 82 pp. Univerzita Karlova, Praha.

Němejc, F. & Pacltová, B. 1956. Paleobotanické poznámky k profilům podél Nové Řeky východně od Třeboně. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii 1(3), 232-242.

Pacltová, B. 1955. Mikropaleontologický výzkum v oblasti jihočeského terciéru. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 1954, 132-134.

Pacltová, B. 1958a. Palynologický výzkum křídových, terciérních a kvartérních hornin v jihočeských pánvích v roce 1956. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického 33, 330-338.

Pacltová, B. 1958b. Zajímavé výsledky palynologického výzkumu strukturního vrtu z Budějovické pánve. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii 3(4), 419-421.

Pacltová, B. 1961. Některé rostlinné mikrofosilie ze sladkovodních uloženin svrchní křídy (senon) v jihočeských pánvích I. Sborník Ústředního ústavu geologického, Oddíl palontologický 26, 47-102.

Pacltová, B. 1981. The evolution and distribution of Normapolles pollen during the Cenophytic. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 35, 175-208.View article

Slánská, J. 1974. Continental Cretaceous and Tertiary Sedimentation in the South Bohemian Basin. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlung 146(3), 385-406.

Slánská, J. 1976. A red-bed formation in the South Bohemia Basin, Czechoslovakia. Sedimentary Geology 15(2), 135-164.View article

Soejarto, D.D. 1980. Revision of South American Saurauia (Actinidiaceae). Fieldiana, N.S. 2, 1-141.View article

Spicer, R.A. 2000. Leaf physiognomy and climate change, 244-264. In Culver, S.J. & Rawson, P. (eds) Biotic response to global change: The last 145 million years. Cambridge University Press.

Spicer, R.A. 2006. Clamp. http://www.open.ac.uk/earth-research/ spicer/CLAMP/Clampset1.html

Ševčík, J., Kvaček, Z. & Mai, D.H. 2007. A new mastixioid florula from tektite-bearing deposits in South Bohemia, Czech Republic (Middle Miocene, Vrábče Member). Bulletin of Geosciences 82(4), 429-436.View article

Ter Braak, C.J.F. 1986. Canonical correspondence Analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology 67, 1167-1179.View article

Uhl, D. 2006. Fossil plants as palaeoenvironmental proxies - some remarks on selected approaches. Acta Palaeobotanica 46(2), 87-100.

Uhl, D., Klotz, S., Traiser, C., Thiel, C., Utescher, T., Kowalski, E. & Dilcher, D. 2007. Cenozoic paleotemperatures and leaf physiognomy - A European perspective. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 248 (2007), 24-31.View article

Utescher, T. 2006. Palaeoflora database. http://www.palaeoflora.de/

Wilf, P. 1997. When are leaves good thermometers? A new case for Leaf Margin Analysis. Paleobiology 23, 373-390.

Wilf, P.,Wing, S.L., Greenwood, D.R. & Greenwood, C.L. 1998. Using fossil leaves as paleoprecipitation indicators: An Eocene example. Geology 26, 203-206.View article

Wing, S.L. & Greenwood, D.R. 1993. Fossils and fossil climate: the case for equable continental interiors in the Eocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 341, 243-252.View article

Wolfe, J.A. 1979. Temperature Parameters of humid to Mesic Forests of Eastern Asia and Relation to forests of Other Regions of the Northern Hemisphere and Australasia. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1106, 1-37.

Wolfe, J.A. 1990. Palaeobotanical evidence for a marked temperature increase following the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Nature 343, 153-156.View article

Wolfe, J.A. 1993. A method of obtaining climatic parameters from leaf assemblages. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2040, 1-73.

Wolfe, J.A. 1995. Paleoclimatic estimates from Tertiary leaf assemblages. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 23, 119-142.View article

Wolfe, J.A. & Spicer, R.A. 1999. Fossil Leaf Character States: Multivariate Analysis, 233-239. In Jones, T.P.&Rowe, N.P. (eds) Fossil plants and spores: Modern techniques. Geological Society, London.

Yang, J., Wang, Y., Spicer, R., Mosbrugger, V., Li, C. & SUN, Q. 2007. Climatic reconstruction at the Miocene Shanwang basin, China, using leaf margin analysis, CLAMP, coexistence approach, and overlapping distribution analysis. American Journal of Botany 94(4), 599-608.View article