Graptolite faunas of the Llandovery “phtanites” at Les Fresnaies (Chalonnes-sur-Loire, southeastern Armorican Massif): Palaeontology and biostratigraphy

 

Authors: Piçarra JM, Robardet M, Oliveira JT, Paris F, Lardeux H

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 84, issue 1; pages: 41 - 50; Received 20 July 2008; Accepted in revised form 19 November 2008; Online 6 January 2009

Keywords: Silurian, Armorican Massif, France, graptolites, biostratigraphy,

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Abstract

In the SE of the Armorican Massif (France), the Ordovician-Silurian transition and the lower part of the Silurian are exposed at the locality Les Fresnaies at Chalonnes-sur-Loire. The Silurian graptolitic “phtanites” (black cherts) are richly fossiliferous. Detailed sampling allows a description of the graptolite faunas and a precise stratigraphical analysis of the succession that comprises the whole of the Rhuddanian and Aeronian stages. Both the Llandovery graptolite assemblages and the lithologies of Les Fresnaies are similar to those of other lower Silurian successions throughout peri-Gondwanan Europe, like Portugal, Spain, Sardinia, Bohemia, Germany and Carnic Alps, and in the Middle East (Jordan and Saudi Arabia).

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