A proposed crinoid zonation of the Devonian deposits of eastern Transbaikal


Authors: Kurilenko AV, Kulkov NP

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 83, issue 4; pages: 461 - 472; Received 22 November 2006; Accepted in revised form 2 July 2008;

Keywords: Devonian, crinoid biozonation, brachiopods, assemblages, biostratigraphy, Transbaikal,

full text (PDF, 1.26 MB)

Export to RIS



Devonian deposits of eastern Transbaikal, Russia, are widely distributed in the Onon, Argun and Upper Amur terranes, each with a different geological development history. Two lithofacies are represented in the geological section: carbonate-volcanogenic-terrigenous (Onon terrane) and terrigenous-carbonate (Argun and Upper Amur terranes), with strata in the latter characterized by abundant fossil remains, especially numerous crinoids and brachiopods. Brachiopod assemblages are stated for each strata of the Transbaikal Devonian. A crinoid biostratigraphic zonation is proposed within the Mongol-Okhotsk fold belt as follows: Scyphocrinites mariannae, Costatocrinus bicostatus and Tastjicrinus paucicostatus (Lower Lochkovian); Amazaricrinus ildicanensis (Pragian); Paradecacrinus orientalis (Emsian); Raricrinus minimus and Vasticrinus vastus (Eifelian); Ononicrinus gracilis (Givetian); Hexacrinites? stukalinae sp. nov. (Frasnian) and Platycrinites? subtuberosus (Upper Famennian). Local and regional crinoid ages accord well with those of brachiopods. Lateral distribution of faunal assemblages allows regional correlation.


Alekseeva, R.E., Mendbajar, B. & Erlanger, O.A. 1981. Brachiopods and biostratigraphy of Lower Devonian of Mongolia. 176 pp. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Amantov, V.A. 1963. Stratigraphy and evolution of the Aginskaya structural zone of Transbaikal, 3–14. In Shtal, N.V. (ed.) Materials for the Geology of the Far East and Transbaikal. 81 pp. Vsesoyuzniy Nauchno-Issledovateľskiy Geologicheskiy Institut, Leningrad. [in Russian]

Anashkina, K.K., Butin, K.S. & Enikeev, F.I. et al. 1997. Geological structure of the Chita region. 239 pp. Chita. [in Russian]

Austin, T. & Austin, T. Jr. 1843. Description of several new genera and species of Crinoidea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (series 1) 11(69), 195–207.

Barrande, J. 1879. Systeme silurien du centre de la Boheme. 226 pp. Published by the author, Prague & Paris.

Boucot, A.J., Johnson, J.G.&Walmsley, V.G. 1965. Revision of the Rhipidomellidae (Brachiopoda; and the affinities of Mendacella and Dalejina). Journal of Paleontology 39(3), 331–334.

Chernysheva, N.E. 1937. About Devonian brachiopods of Mongolia. The works of Mongolian Commission of Academy of Science of the USSR 27(5), 3–56. [in Russian]

Chou Chun-phey 1959. Devonian brachiopods of North-Eastern China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 2, 139–160.

Dubatolova, Y.A. 1971. Crinoidea of the Early and Middle Devonian of the Altai and Kuzbas. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki 124, 1–159. [in Russian]

Dubatolova, Y.A. 1982. New species of crinoids of the Shandinsky Horizon of northeast Salair, 73–83. In Yuferev, O.V. (ed.) Stratigraphy and palaeontology of the Devonian and Carboniferous. Akademiya Nauk USSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki 483. Nauka, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

Dubatolova, Y.A., Yeltysheva, R.S. & Modzalevskaya, E.A. 1967. Devonian and Lower Carboniferous crinoids of the Far East. 72 pp. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Goldman, D. & Mitchell, C.E. 1990. Morphology, systematics and evolution of Middle Devonian Ambocoelidae (Brachiopoda), Western New York. Journal of Paleontology 64(1), 79–99.

Gracianova, R.T. 1967. Brachiopods and stratigraphy of the Lower Devonian of Mountain Altai. 155 pp. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Gracianova, R.T. 1975. Brachiopods of the Early and Middle Devonian of Altai-Sayan region: Strophomenida. 94 pp. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Gratsianova, R.T., Talent, J.A. & Yazikov, A.Y. 1987. About the systematics and nomenclature of some Spiriferida, which are imported for Devonian Stratigraphy, 102–115. Systematics and phylogeny of fossil invertebrate. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Hall, J. 1867. Palaeontology of New York. Natural History (New York) 3(15), 1–428.

Hall, J. & Clarke, J.M. 1892–1894. An introduction to the study of the genera of Palaeozoic Brachiopods. Palaeontology of New York 8(1–2), 1–367.

Havlíček, V. 1977. Brachiopods of the order Orthida in Czechoslovakia. Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického 44, 1–327.

Jahnke, H. & Shi Yan 1989. The Silurian–Devonian boundary strata and Early Devonian of the Shidian, Baoshan area (W. Yunnan, China). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 110, 137–193.

Johnson, J.G. 1970. Great Basin Lower Devonian Brachiopoda, Boulder, Colorado. Geological Society of America Memoir 121, 1–421.

Kaplun, L.I. 1961. The brachiopods of Lower Devonian of Upper Pribalchash. The Material of Geology and Mineral reserves of Kazakhstan, 64–114. [in Russian]

Khalfin, L.L. 1932. The Brachiopods of Lower Frasnian of the outskirts Kuznetsk stone coal basin and Gorlovsky coal district. The News of West Siberian Geologorazvedotchny trest 12, 1–52. [in Russian]

Khalfin, L.L. 1933. Upper Devonian of village Zharkovskoe on the river Jae. 72 pp. The works of Coal Institute “Kuzbassugol”, Novosibirsk, Moscow & Leningrad. [in Russian]

Khalfin, L.L. 1937. Middle Devonian brachiopods in Lebedyansk village of the Angero-Sudgensk region. Izvestiya TII 57(1), 85–148. [in Russian]

Khalfin, L.L. 1948. Fauna and stratigraphy of the Devonian deposits in Mountain Altay. Izvestiya TPI 65(1), 3–464. [in Russian]

Khalfin, L.L. 1939. About new genus Rhynchonellida. Soviet Geology 9(12), 83. [in Russian]

Kulkov, N.P. & Peregoedov, L.G. 1989. Stratigraphy of the Lower Devonian deposits of the West-Siberian plate (on data studying of Brachiopods). Geology and Geophysics 1, 3–13. [in Russian]

Kulkov, N.P. & Peregoedov, L.G. 1990. Brachiopods, 70–106. In Stratigraphy of Paleozoic deposits of the southeast of Western-Siberian plate. Nauka, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

Kurilenko, A.V. 1989. New Platycrinitidae from the Lower Carboniferous of Eastern Transbaikal area, 128–133. In Kalvo, D.L. (ed.) Fossil and recent echinoderm researches. Akademiya Nauk Estonskoi SSR, Tallinn. [in Russian]

Kurilenko, A.V., Bretshtein, Y.S. & Butin, K.S. 2001. New Biostratigraphic and Paleomagnetic Data on the Devonian in the Western Mongol-Okhotsk Fold Belt. Geology of Pacific Ocean 16, 1107–1123.

Kurilenko, A.V., Kotlyar, G.V.&Kulkov, N.P. et al. 2002. Atlas of fauna and flora of the Paleozoic-Mesozoic in the Transbaikal. 714 pp. Nauka, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

Luchitskiy, I.V. 1954. Geological structure of the lower and middle stream of the R. Onon, 3–31. In Essay on the geology of Siberia 17. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

Miller, J.S. 1821. A natural history of the Crinoidea, or lilyshaped animals; with observations on the genera, Asteria, Euryale, Comatula and Marsupites. 150 pp. Bryan & Co., Bristol.

Modzalevskaya, E.A. 1958. Middle Paleozoic of the basin Upper Amur. Informationnyi Sbornik Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskii Geologicheskii Institut Trudy 5, 1–8. [in Russian]

Modzalevskaya, E.A. 1969. Brachiopods. Class Articulata, 65–127. In Modzalevskoy, E.A. (ed.) Field atlas of Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous Fauna of the Far East. Nedra, Moscow. [in Russian]

Moore, R.C., Jeffords, R.M.&Miller, T.H. 1968. Collecting localities, references and index. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Supplement of Echinodermata Articles 8–10, 1–18.

Moore, R.C. & Laudon, L.R. 1943. Evolution and classification of Paleozoic crinoids. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 46, 1–151, 14 pls.

Nalivkin, D.V. 1930. The brachiopods from Upper and Middle Devonian of Turkestan. 220 pp. Vsesoyuzniy Nauchno-Issledovateľskiy Geologicheskiy Institut, Leningrad. [in Russian]

Nalivkin, D.V., Rzhonsnitskaya, M.A. & Markovskiy, B.P. Eds 1973. Stratigraphy of the USSR. Devonian System. Volume 2. 376 pp. Nedra, Moscow.

Rzhonsnitskaya, M.A. 1952. Spiriferids from the Devonian. Beds of the Peripheral Areas of the Kuznetsk Coal Basin. 232 pp. Gosgeolizdat, Moscow. [in Russian]

Popeko, L.I. 2000. Carboniferous of the Mongol-Okhotsk orogenic belt. 124 pp. Dalnauka, Vladivostok. [in Russian]

Schewtschenko, T.W. 1966. Crinoids from the Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian deposits of southwestern Tian-Shan and their stratigraphical significance. Upravleniia Geologii Soveta Ministorov Tadzhstan, SSR Trudy, Paleontologiya i Stratigrafiya 2, 123–188. [in Russian]

Stuckenberg, A. 1886. Materialen zur Kenntniss der Fauna der devonischen Ablagerungen Sibiriens. Memoires de l’Academie imperiale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg, Serie 7, 34(1).

Stukalina, G.A. 1961. Crinoid stems from Upper Silurian deposits of the Aksarli Mountains (Central Kazakhstan). Informationnyi Sbornik Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskii Geologicheskii Institut Trudy 42, 31–42. [in Russian]

Stukalina, G.A. 1964. Ordovician, Silurian, and Early Devonian crinoids from central Kazakhstan and their stratigraphic significance (on basis of study of stems). 20 pp. Avtoreferat dissertation na soskanie rvania kandidata geologomineralogische nauk, Leningrad. [in Russian

Stukalina, G.A. 1973. Late Paleozoic crinoids of Transbaikal and Mongolia, 16–55. In Pormnov, A.G. & Suzukov, A.I. (eds) Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Sedimentary Geological Formations of Transbaikal. Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo SSSR, Zapiski Zabaikalskogo Filiala 94. [in Russian]

Stukalina, G.A. 1977. New crinoids Devonian from the Urals, Kazakhstan and the Far East, 151–159. In Stukalina, G.A. (ed.) New species of ancient plants and invertebrates of the USSR, No. 4. Paleontological Institute Akademie Nauk SSSR, Moscow. [in Russian]

Stukalina, G.A. 1986. Laws of historical development of Crinoidea in the Early and Middle Paleozoic of the USSR. 142 pp. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow. [in Russian]

Stukalina, G.A. 1991. Sea lilies of the Lower and Middle Devonian of Kazakhstan, 147–207. In Dubatolov, V.N. & Stukalina, G.A. (eds) Biostratigraphy of the Lower and Middle Devonian. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie Institut Geologii i Geofiziki. [in Russian]

Turbin, M.T. 1994. The Decisions of the Fourth Regional Stratigraphic Conference of Precambrian and Phanerozoic of the Far East south and Transbaikal (Khabarovsk, 1990). 124 pp. Khabarovsk. [in Russian]

Tikhomirov, I.N. 1960. Stratigraphy of the Devonian deposits of the territory between the rivers Shilka and Argun. Informationnyi Sbornik Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskii Geologicheskii Institut Trudy 38, 19–33. [in Russian]

Wachsmuth, C. & Springer, F. 1885. Revision of the Paleocrinoidea. Part III, Section 1: Discussion of the classification and relations of the brachiate crinoids and conclusion of the generic descriptions. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia for 1885, 225–364.

Yakovlev, N.N. 1953. On the discoveries of loboliths in the USSR and their biological significance. Ezhegodnik Vsesoyuznogo Paleontologicheskogo Obshchestva 14, 18–31. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. 1956. The crinoid stems and their classification. Vestnik Leningradskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet Seriya Geologischeskaya i Geographicheskaya 2, 40–47. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. 1957. On a new family of Paleozoic crinoids. Ezhegodnik Vsesoyuznogo Paleontologicheskogo Obshchestva 14, 218–234. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. 1959. Principles of classification, techniques of study, and stratigraphical significance of crinoid stems. Trudy II sessii Vsesoyuznogo Paleontologicheskogo Obshchestva, 230–235. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. 1969. Type Echinodermata. Class Crinoidea. Stems of Crinoids, 150–167. In Modzalevskoy, E.A. (ed.) Field Atlas of Silurian, Devonian and Early Carboniferous Fauna of the Far East. Nedra, Moscow. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. & Dubatolova, Y.A. 1960. New species of Devonian crinoids of the upper Amur, 367–372. In Collected articles on new species of ancient plants and invertebrates of the USSR, pt. II. Vsesoyuznogo Geologicheskii Institut Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow. [in Russian]

Yeltysheva, R.S. & Dubalotova, Y.A. 1961. Crinoids, 294–296, 552–560. In Biostratigraphy of the Paleozoic of the Sayano Altai mountainous country, middle Paleozoic, v. II. Trudy 20. Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]