Campanian to Maastrichtian palynofacies and dinoflagellate cysts of the Silesian Unit, Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic

 

Authors: Skupien P, Mohamed O

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 83, issue 2; pages: 207 - 224; Received 2 November 2007; Accepted in revised form 25 April 2008;

Keywords: Silesian Unit, Cretaceous, Campanian, Maastrichtian, dinoflagellate cysts, palynofacies, Carpathians,

full text (PDF, 2.65 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

Dinoflagellate cysts are reported from 20 Upper Cretaceous claystone samples from the Godula and Istebna formations of the Silesian unit. Age-assessment of the sediments based on 150 species suggests a Late Campanian to probably earliest Maastrichtian age for the middle and upper part of the Godula Formation and a Early Maastrichtian age for the basal part of the Istebna Formation. Key biotic events are especially the first occurrence datums of Areoligera senonensis, Cerodinium diebelii, Palaeocystodinium golzowense and Trithyrodinium evittii, and the last occurrence datums of Odontochitina, Palaeohystrichophora infusorioides, Raeteiaedinium truncigerum, Trihyrodinium suspectum and Xenascus ceratioides. Palynofacies analysis shows deposition in an offshore marine environment subjected to influxes of terrestrial material. Organic matter is dominated by phytoclasts and contains very little amorphous organic material. The succession is also characterized by a low percentage of dinoflagellate cysts and a very low percentage of spores and pollen grains. The presence of thermophilitic dinoflagellate cysts points to a warm-temperate to subtropical climate during Late Campanian to Early Maastrichtian.

References

Antonescu, E., Foucher, J.C., Odin, G.S., Schioler, P., Siegl-Farkas, A. & Wilson, G.J. 2001. Dinoflagellate cysts in the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession of Tercis les Bains (Landes, France), a synthesis, 253–264. In Odin, G.S. (ed.) The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Batten, D.J. 1996. Palynofacies and palaeoenvironmental interpretation, 1011–1164. In Jansonius, J. & McGregor, D.C. (eds) Palynology: principles and applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Dallas.

Brinkhuis, H. 1994. Late Eocene to Early Oligocene dinoflagellate cysts from the Priabonian type-area (Notheast Italy): biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental interpretation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 107, 121–163.View article

Costa, L.I. & Davey, R.J. 1992. Dinoflagellate cyst of the Cretaceous System, 99–132. In Powell, A.J. (ed.) A stratigraphic index of dinoflagellate cysts. Chapman & Hall, London.

Eliáš, M. 2000. Relation between Pustevny Sandstone and Malinovska skala Sandstone (Godula Formation) in the Beskydy Mts. Geologické výzkumy na Moravě a ve Slezsku v roce 1999, 64–66.

Fauconnier, D. & Masure, E. Eds 2004. Les dinoflagellés fossiles: guide pratique de détermination. Groupe de travail Dinoflagellés. 600 pp. BRGM Ed., Collection Scientifique, Orléans.

Fensome, R.A. & Williams, G.L. 2004. The Lentin and Williams index of fossil dinoflagellates: 2004 edition. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Contributions Series 42, 909 pp.

Gedl, P. 2004. Dinoflagellate cyst record of the deep-sea Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Uzgruň, Carpathian Mountains, Czech Republic, 257–273. In Odin, G.S. (ed.) The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Hanzlíková, E. 1972a. Carpathian Upper Cretaceous foraminiferida of Moravia (Turonian-Maastrichtian). Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického 39, 1–160.

Hanzlíková, E. 1972b. Mikropaläontologische Zoneneinteilung und Stratigraphie der Istebna-Schichten und ihres unmittelbaren Hangenden. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického 47(2), 69–77.

Hanzlíková, E. 1973. Foraminifera of the variegated Godula Member in Moravia (Cenomanian-Turonian). Sborník geologických věd, Paleontologie 15, 119–184.

Hoek, R.P., Eshet, Y. & Almogi-Labin, A. 1996. Dinoflagellate cyst zonation of Campanian-Maastrichtian sequences in Israel. Micropaleontology 42, 125–150.View article

Kirsch, K.H. 1991. Dinoflagellatenzysten aus der Oberkreide des Helvetikums und Nordultrahelvetikums von Oberbayern. Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhhandlungen, Reihe A, Geologie und Paläontologie 22, 1–306.

Lemaňska, A. & Gedl, P. 2005. Benthic agglutinated foraminifera and organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts from Late Cretaceous oceanic deposits at Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, Flysch Carpathians, Poland: biostratigraphy and palaeoenvironment. Slovak Geological Magazine 11(1), 45–58.

Lister, J.K. & Batten, D.J. 1988. Stratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental distribution of Early Cretaceous dinoflagellate cysts in the Hurlands Farm borehole, west Sussex, England. Palaeontographica, Abteilung B 210, 9–89.

Matějka, A. 1949. Geologická studie z okolí Valašského Meziříčí. Sborník Státního geologického ústavu 16, 643–693.

Matějka, A. 1952. Contribution to the geology of the basin of the Horní Ostravice in the Moravskoslezské Beskydy. Sborník Státního geologického ústavu 19, 621–646.

Menčík, E., Adamová, M., Dvořák, J., Dudek, A., Jetel, J., Jurková, A., Hanzlíková, E., Houša, V., Peslová, H., Rybářová, L., Šmíd, B., Šebesta, J., Tyráček, J. & Vašíček, Z. 1983. Geology of the Moravskoslezské Beskydy and Podbeskydy upland. 304 pp. Ústřední ústav geologický, Praha (in Czech).

Pícha, E.J., Stráník, Z. & Krejčí, O. 2006. Geology and hydrocarbon resources of the Outer Western Carpathians and their foreland, Czech Republic, 49–175. In Golonka, J. & Pícha, F.J. (eds) The Carpathians and their foreland: Geology and hydrocarbon resources. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 84.

Robaszynski, F., Bless, M.J.M., Felder, P.J., Foucher, J.C., Legoux, O., Manivit, H., Meessen, J. & Van Der Tuuk, L.A. 1985. The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary in the chalky facies close to the type-Maastrichtian area. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine 9(1), 1–252.

Roncaglia, L. 2002. Lower Maastrichtian dinoflagellates from the Viano Clays Formation at Viano, northern Apennines, Italy. Cretaceous Research 23, 65–76.View article

Roncaglia, L. & Corradini, D. 1997. Upper Campanian to Maastrichtian dinoflagellate zonation in the northern Apennines, Italy. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 35(1), 29–57.

Roth, Z. 1980. Západní Karpaty – terciérní struktura střední Evropy. 128 pp. Knihovna Ústředního ústavu geologického, Praha.

Skupien, P. 1999. Dinoflagellate cysts distribution of Albian-Cenomanian sections from the Outer Western Carpathians. Věstník Českého geologického ústavu 74(1), 1–10.

Skupien, P. 2003. A summary of palynological results of the study of the lower part of the Silesian Unit (Czech part of the Outer Western Carpathians). Transactions of the VŠB – Technical University Ostrava, Mining and Geological Series, Monograph 8, 107–116 (in Czech).

Skupien, P. & Vašíček, Z. 2003. Lithostratigraphical and biostratigraphical knowledge of the Bystrý potok section by Frenštát p. R. (Upper Cretaceous, Silesian Unit of the Outer Western Carpathians). Transactions of the VŠB – Technical University Ostrava, Mining and Geological Series, Monograph 8, 64–94 (in Czech).

Skupien, P. , Bubík, M. , Švábenická, L. , Mikuláš, R. , Vašíček, Z. , Matýsek, D. 2009. Cretaceous Oceanic Red Beds in the Outer Western Carpathians of Czech Republic. In: Hu, X., Wang, Ch., Scott, R.W., Wagreich, M., Jansa, L. Cretaceous Oceanic Red Beds: Stratigraphy, Composition, Origins, and Paleoceanographic and Paleoclimatic Significance. 99-109. SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology).

Smelror, M. & Leereveld, H. 1989. Dinoflagellate and acritarch assemblages from the Late Bathonian to Early Oxfordian of Montagne Crussol, Rhone Valley, southern France. Palynology 13, 121–141.

Stover, L.E., Brinkhuis, H., Damassa, S.P., De Verteuil, L., Helby, R.J., Monteil, E., Partridge, A.D., Powell, A.J., Riding, J.B., Smelror, M. & Williams, G.L. 1996. Chapter 19. Mesozoic-Tertiary dinoflagellates, acritarchs and prasinophytes, 641–750. In Jansonius, J. & McGregor, D.C. (eds) Palynology: principles and applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Salt Lake City.

Torricelli, S. & Amore, M.R. 2003. Dinoflagellate cysts and calcareous nannofossils from the Upper Cretaceous Saraceno Formation (Calabria, Italy): implication about the history of the Liguride Complex. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 109(3), 499–516.

Tyson, R.V. 1995. Sedimentary organic matter. Organic facies and palynofacies. 615 pp. Chapman & Hall, London.

Williams, G.L., Brinkhuis, H., Pearce, M.A, Fensome, R.A. & Weegink, J.W. 2004. Southern ocean and global dinoflagellate cyst events compared: Index events for the late Cretaceous-Neogene, 1–98. In Exon, N.F., Kennett, J.P. & Malone, M.J. (eds) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results 189.

Ypes, O. 2001. Maastrichtian-Danian dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy and biogeography from two equatorial sections in Colombia and Venezuela. Palynology 25, 217–249.View article