Teller’s operculum; revising a rare operculate gastropod from the Silurian of Wisconsin (Laurentia)

 

Authors: Peel JS

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 93, issue 4; pages: 499 - 511; Received 23 September 2018; Accepted in revised form 12 November 2018; Online 29 November 2018

Keywords: Silurian, operculate gastropod, Lophospiroidea, Laurentia,

full text (PDF, 1.35 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

The unique Silurian gastropod with the operculum in place which Edgar E. Teller in 1910 assigned to Murchisonia conradi Hall is redescribed. The date of authorship of Murchisonia conradi Hall, now transferred to Lophospira Whitfield, and originally described from the Racine Formation of Wisconsin (Laurentia), is established as 1865 and not 1867, 1868 or 1870 as variously claimed. With a focus on the operculum, previous studies of Teller’s specimen have neglected the form of the shell itself. Latex casts drawn from the external mould motivate its description as a new species, Lophospira telleri sp. nov., and demonstrate that the operculum was positioned deep within the shell aperture. Although being the only proven lophospiroidean operculum, the paucispiral sinistral (in external view) operculum is typical for dextral gastropods of moderate height in which the parietal wall is well developed and the umbilicus narrow. The development of opercula of this type, and the depth of emplacement of the operculum in L. telleri, may reflect increasing predation pressure on gastropods in the Lower Palaeozoic. Suggestions that the operculum of L. telleri may represent the inner surface of an operculum similar to that in the common Silurian euomphaloidean Oriostoma are rejected. In addition to the original record from Wisconsin, isolated opercula of L. telleri are now reported from Thornton Quarry, Illinois.

References

ALLEN, R.C. & MARTIN, H.M. 1922. A brief history of the geological and biological survey of Michigan: 1837 to 1872, by R.C. Allen; 1872 to 1920, by Helen M. Martin. Michigan History Magazine 6(No. 44), 1-23.

ANONYMOUS, 1865. Account of some new or little known species of fossils from rocks of the age of the Niagara Group, by Prof. James Hall. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series 1865 39, 353-355.

BANDEL, K. & HEIDELBERGER, D. 2001. The new family Nerrhenidae (Neritimorpha, Gastropoda) from the Givetian of Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 12, 705-718.

BASSLER, R.S. 1915. Bibliographic index of American Ordovician and Silurian fossils. United States National Museum, Bulletin 92, 1-1521. View article

BILLINGS, E. 1865. Palaeozoic fossils, volume 1. 426 pp. Geological Survey of Canada. Dawson Brothers, Montreal & Quebec.

BOUCHET, P., ROCROI, J.F., FRÝDA, J., HAUSDORF, B., PONDER, W., VALDÉS, Á. & WARÉN, A. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47, 1-397.

BOUCHET, P., ROCROI, J.P., HAUSDORF, B., KAIM, A., KANO, Y., NÜTZEL, A., PARKHAEV, P., SCHRÖDL, M. & STRONG, E.E. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61, 1-526.View article

CHAMBERLIN, T.C. 1883. Geology of Wisconsin, Volume. 1. 784 pp. Commissioners of Public Printing, Madison, Wisconsin.

CHECA, A.G. & JIMENÉZ-JIMENÉZ, A.P. 1998. Constructional morphology, origin, and evolution of the gastropod operculum. Paleobiology 24, 109-132.View article

COX, L.R. & KNIGHT, J.B. 1960. Suborders of the Archaeogastropoda. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 33, 262-264.

EBBESTAD, J.O.R., BASSETT, M.G., DASTANPOUR, M. & POPOV, L.E. 2008. Ordovician (Caradoc) Gastropoda of the Katkoyeh Formation, Kerman Province, Iran. Geobios 41, 605-624.View article

ETHERIDGE, R. JR 1890. Descriptions of Upper Silurian fossils from the Lilydale Limestone, Upper Yarra district, Victoria. Records of the Australian Museum 1, 60-67.View article

ETHERIDGE, R. JR 1891. Further descriptions of the Upper Silurian fossils from the Lilydale Limestone, Upper Yarra District, Victoria. Records of the Australian Museum 1, 125-130.View article

FORNEY, G.G. & NITECKI, M.H. 1976. Type fossil Mollusca (Hyolitha, Polyplacophora, Scaphopoda, Monoplacophora, and Gastropoda) in Field Museum. Fieldiana Geology 36, 1-240.

GUBANOV, A.P. & YOCHELSON, E.L. 1994. A Wenlockian (Silurian) gastropod shell and operculum from Siberia. Journal of Paleontology 68, 486-491.View article

HALL, J. 1847. Palaontology of New - York. Volume I. Containing descriptions of the organic remains of the lower Division of the New - York System. 333 pp. C. Van Benthuysen, Albany.View article

HALL, J. 1852. Palaontology of New - York. Volume II. Containing descriptions of the organic remains of the lower Middle Division of the New - York System. 362 pp. C. Van Benthuysen, Albany.

HALL, J. 1865a. Account of some new or little known species of fossil from rocks of the age of the Niagara Group. Printed in advance, for the 18th Report of the New-York State Cabinet, 1-48. Albany.

HALL, J. 1865b. XIX. Account of some new or little known species of fossils from rocks of the age of the Niagara Group. Printed in advance for the 18th Report on the New-York State Cabinet, 305-401. Albany.

HALL, J. [1867] 1868. XIX. Account of some new or little known species of fossils from rocks of the age of the Niagara Group. 20th Annual Report of the Regents of the University of the State of New-York on the condition of the State Cabinet of Natural History, 305-401. Van Benthuysen & Sons, Albany.

HALL, J. 1870. Descriptions of new or little-known species of fossils from rocks of the age of the Niagara Group. II. Descriptions of fossils of the Niagara Group. 20th Annual Report of the Regents of the University of the State of New York, on the condition of the State Cabinet of Natural History. Revised Edition, 351-434. Van Benthuysen & Sons, Albany.

HALL, J. 1871. Organic remains of the Niagara group and associated limestones, 3-94. In Geological Survey of the State of Wisconsin (1859-1963): Palaontology, Part Third. Albany.

HALL, J. & WHITFIELD, R.P. 1875. Report of the Geological Survey of Ohio. Volume II. Geology & Palaeontology. Part II. Palaeontology. 435 pp. Nevins & Myers, Columbus, Ohio.

HARASEWYCH, M.G. 2002. Pleurotomarioidean gastropods. Advances in Marine Biology 42, 237-294.View article

HICKMAN. C.S. & MCLEAN, J.H. 1990. Systematic revision and suprageneric classification of trochacean gastropods. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Scientific Series 35, 1-169.

HORNÝ, R.J. 1992. New Lower Devonian Gastropoda and Tergomya (Mollusca) of Bohemia. Časopis Národniho Muzea, Řada přírodovedná 159, 99-119.

HORNÝ, R.J. & PEEL, J.S. 1995. A new Silurian gastropod from Bohemia with the operculum in situ. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 40, 79-88.

HOROWITZ, A.S., NITECKI, M.H. & NITECKI, D.V. (edited by AUSICH, W.I.) 2017. Bibliography of James Hall (1811-1898). Bulletins of American Paleontology 392, 1-146.

INTERNATIONAL CODE OF ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATURE 1999 [2012]. Fourth edition with amendments 2012. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp

KNIGHT, J.B. 1937. Genotype designations and new names for invalid homonyms among Paleozoic gastropod genera. Journal of Paleontology 11, 709-714.

KNIGHT, J.B. 1941. Paleozoic gastropod genotypes. Geological Society of America Special Papers 32, 1-510.View article

KNIGHT, J.B., BATTEN, R.L. & YOCHELSON, E.L. 1960. Paleozoic gastropods, 169-331. In MOORE, R.C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.

LE SUEUR, C.A. 1818. Observations on a new genus of fossil shells. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1, 310-313.

LINDSTRÖM, G. 1884. On the Silurian Gastropoda and Pteropoda of Gotland. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar 19, 1-250.

LINSLEY, R.M. 1978. The Omphalocirridae: a new family of Palaeozoic Gastropoda which exhibits sexual dimorphism. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 39, 33-54.View article

LONGSTAFF, J. 1906. Notes on the genera Omospira, Lophospira, and Turritoma; with descriptions of new Proterozoic species. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 62, 552-572.View article

MILLER, S.A. 1877. The American Palaeozoic fossils: a catalogue of the genera and species. 293 pp. Published by the author, Cincinnati, Ohio.

MUNIER-CHALMAS, E. 1876. Mollusques nouveaux des terrains paléozoiques des environs de Rennes. Journal de Conchyliologie, 3e série 16, 102-109.

PEEL, J.S. 1977. Systematics and palaeoecology of the Silurian gastropods of the Arisaig Group, Nova Scotia. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Skrifter 21(2), 1-89.

PEEL, J.S. 1987. Class Gastropoda, 305-328. In BOARDMAN, R.S., CHEETHAM, A.H. & ROWELL, A.J. (eds) Fossil invertebrates. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Palo Alto.

PEEL, J.S. 2015. Operculum regeneration and failed predation in the Silurian gastropod Oriostoma. Palaeontology 58, 229-237.View article

PEEL, J.S. & HORNÝ, R.J. 1996. Sinistral hyperstrophic coiling in a Devonian gastropod from Bohemia with an in situ operculum. Palaeontology 39, 709-718.

PERNER, J. 1903. Systeme Silurien du centre de la Boheme par Joachim Barrande. Vol. IV Gastéropodes 1, Texte (Patellidae et Bellerophontidae) et Planches 1 a 89. 164 pp. Fr. Řivnáč, Prague.

RAFINESQUE, C.S. 1815. Analyse de la nature ou tableau de l’univers et des corps organisés. 223 pp. Jean Barravecchia, Palerme.

ROHR, D.M. 1994. Ordovician (Whiterockian) gastropods of Nevada: Bellerophontoidea, Macluritoidea, and Euomphaloidea. Journal of Paleontology 68, 473-486.View article

ROHR, D.M. & BOUCOT, A.J. 1984. Observations of the operculum of Oriostoma (Silurian Gastropoda). Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 22, 294-296.View article

ROHR, D.M. & FRÝDA, J. 2001. A new Ordovician gastropod and operculum from the Czech Republic. Journal of Paleontology 75, 461-462.View article

ROHR, D.M. & POTTER, A.W. 1987. Rousseauspira: new gastropod operculum from the Ordovician of Akaska and California. Journal of Paleontology 61, 284-289.View article

ROHR, D.M. & YOCHELSON, E.L. 1999. Life association of shell and operculum of Middle Ordovician gastropod Maclurites. Journal of Paleontology 73, 1078-1080.View article

ROHR, D.M., FIX, M.F. & DARROUGH, G. 2004. Life association of shell and operculum of Ceratopea Ulrich, 1911 (Ordovician; Gastropoda). Journal of Paleontology 78, 218-220.View article

SWAINSON, W. 1840. A treatise on malacology or shells and shell-fish. 419 pp. Longman, London.

TASSELL, C.B. 1980. Further gastropods from the early Devonian Lilydale Limestone, Victoria. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum 69, 3-27.

TELLER, E.E. 1910. An operculated gastropod from the Niagara Formation of Wisconsin. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 16, 1286-1288.

TELLER, E.E. (MRS) 1924. Memorial of Edgar E. Teller, 182-184. In BASSLER, R.S. (ed.) Proceedings of the fifteenth annual meeting of the Paleontological Society, held at Washington D.C., December 27-29, 1923. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 35, 169-200.

TYLER, J.H. 1965. Gastropods from the Middle Devonian Four Mile Dam Limestone (Hamilton) of Michigan. Journal of Paleontology 39, 341-349.

ULRICH, E.O. 1911. Revision of the Paleozoic systems. Geological Society of America Bulletin 22, 281-680.View article

ULRICH. E.O. & SCOFIELD, W.H. 1897. The Lower Silurian Gastropoda of Minnesota. Geology of Minnesota Final Report 3(2), 813-1081.

VERMEIJ, G.J. & WILLIAMS, S.T. 2007. Predation and the geography of opercular thickness in turbinid gastropods. Journal of Molluscan Studies 73, 67-73.View article

WAGNER, P.J. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of the earliest anisostrophically coiled gastropods. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 88, 1-152.View article

WAGNER, P.J. 2017. Taxonomic occurrence of Discordichilus harmonia Billings 1865 recorded in the Paleobiology database, Fossilworks. http://fossilworks.org

WENZ, W. 1938-44. Gastropoda. Teil 1: Allgemeiner Teil und Prosobranchia (Amphigastropoda u. Streptoneura). In SCHINDEWOLF, O.H. (ed.) Handbuch der Paläozoologie 6. 1639 pp. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin.

WHITEAVES, J.F. 1884. On some new, imperfectly characterized or previously unrecorded species of fossils from the Guelph Formation of Ontario. Palaeozoic Fossils 3(1), 1-43.View article

WHITEAVES, J.F. 1891. Note on the occurrence of paucispiral opercula of Gasteropoda in the Guelph Formation of Ontario. The Canadian Record of Science 4, 404-407.

WHITEAVES, J.F. 1895. Revision of the fauna of the Guelph formation of Ontario, with descriptions of a few new species. Palaeozoic Fossils 3(2), 45-109.View article

WHITEAVES, J.F. 1906. Revised list of the fossils of the Guelph formation of Ontario. Palaeozoic Fossils 3(4), 327-340.View article

WHITFIELD, R.P. 1886. Notice of geological investigations along the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, conducted by Prof. M. Seely and Prest. Ezra Brainerd, of Middlebury College, with descriptions of some new fossils discovered. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 1, 293-345.

WILSON, A.E. 1924. A new genus and a new species of gastropod from the Upper Ordovician of British Columbia. Canadian Natural History 1, 81-114.

WINCHELL, A. & MARCY, O. 1865. Enumeration of fossils collected in the Niagara Limestone at Chicago, Illinois, with descriptions of several new species. Boston Society of Natural History, Memoir 1, 81-112.

WING, M.E. 1923. The Silurian Gastropoda of northeastern Illinois. 111 pp. Ph.D. thesis, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

WING, M.E. 1925. The Silurian Gastropoda of northeastern Illinois. Abstracts of theses. University of Chicago Science Series 1, 311-317.

YOCHELSON, E.L. 1966. An operculum associated with the Ordovician gastropod Helicotoma. Journal of Paleontology 40, 748-749.

YOCHELSON, E.L. 1979. Gastropod opercula as objects for paleobiogeographic study, 37-43. In GRAY, J. & BOUCOT, A.J. (eds) Historical biogeography, plate tectonics, and the changing environment. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon.

YOCHELSON, E.L. & JONES, C.R. 1968. Teichispira, a new Early Ordovician gastropod genus. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 613-B, 1-15.

YOCHELSON, E.L. & LINSLEY, R.M. 1972. Opercula of two gastropods from the Lilydale Limestone (Early Devonian) of Victoria, Australia. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 33, 1-13.View article

YOCHELSON, E.L. & WISE, O.A. JR 1972. A life association of shell and operculum in the early Ordovician gastropod Ceratopea unguis. Journal of Paleontology 46, 681-684.

ZITTEL, K.A. VON 1895. Grundzüge der Paläontologie (Paläozoologie), Abt. 1, Invertebrata. 971 pp. Oldenburg, Munich and Leipzig.