Middle Jurassic (Callovian) cyclostome bryozoans from the Tethyan tropics (Matmor Formation, southern Israel)


Authors: Wilson MA, Bosch S, Taylor PD

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 90, issue 1; pages: 51 - 63; Received 4 April 2014; Accepted in revised form 22 September 2014; Online 3 December 2014

Keywords: Bryozoa, Cyclostomata, Callovian, Jurassic, Israel,

full text (PDF, 4.78 MB)

Export to RIS



A tropical Jurassic bryozoan fauna is described here for the first time. The Matmor Formation (Callovian, upper Peltoceras athleta Zone) contains six cyclostome bryozoan species in five genera. Four of these species are new: Microeciella yoavi, Idmonea snehi, Hyporosopora nana, and Hyporosopora negevensis. The Matmor Formation was deposited on a shallow shelf near the palaeoequator on the southwestern margin of the Tethys Ocean, within the Ethiopian Province of the Tethyan Faunal Realm. The Matmor bryozoans share genera with contemporary, non-tropical faunas in Europe, having the most similarities with Callovian assemblages in Poland. The low species richness of the Matmor bryozoan fauna is not unusual for the Jurassic but they do appear to be less abundant than contemporaneous fully marine bryozoan faunas from higher palaeolatitudes. The unusually small zooids of the Matmor bryozoans may be a function of the temperature-size rule because this fauna developed in shallow, warm, tropical waters.


Aberhan, M., Kiessling, W. & Fürsich, F.T. 2006. Testing the role of biological interactions in the evolution of mid-Mesozoic marine benthic ecosystems. Paleobiology 32, 259-277.View article

Atkinson, D. 1994. Temperature and organism size: a biological law for ectotherms? American Naturalist 162, 332-342.

Ausich, W.I. & Wilson, M.A. 2012. New Tethyan Apiocrinitidae (Crinoidea, Articulata) from the Jurassic of Israel. Journal of Paleontology 86, 1051-1055.View article

Avni, Y. 2001. Structure and landscape evolution of the Makhteshim country - interrelations between monoclines, truncation surfaces and the evolution of the Makhteshim, 33-58. In Krasnov, B. & Mazor, E. (eds) Makhteshim Country: A Laboratory of Nature: Geological and Ecological Studies in the Desert Region of Israel. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia.

BASSLER, R.S. 1935. Bryozoa. Generum et Genotyporum. Index et Bibliographica, 1-229. In QUENSTEDT, W. (ed.) Fossilium Catalogus I. Animalia. Vol. Part 67. W. Junk, s’Gravenhage.

BRONN, H.G. 1825. System der urweltlichten Pflanzenthiere durch Diagnose, Analyse und Abbildung der Geschlechter erläutert. 47 pp. Mohr, Heidelberg.

BUSK, G. 1852. An account of the Polyzoa and Sertularian Zoophytes collected in the voyage of the Rattlesnake on the coast of Australia and the Louisiade Archipelago, 343-402. In MACGILLIVRAY, J. (ed.) Narrative of the Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, commanded by the late Captain Owen Stanley, during the years 1846-1850, 1. Boone, London.

CANU, F. 1918. Les ovicelles des Bryozoaires cyclostomes. Études sur quelques familles nouvelles et anciennes. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France 4, 324-335.

CANU, F. & BASSLER, R.S. 1929. Etudes sur les ovicelles des Bryozoaires jurassiques. Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Normandie 8, 113-131.

Cariou, E.J.P., Bassoullet, L., Grossowicz, L. & Hirsch, F. 1997. Le Callovo-Oxfordien du Sud Levant: données biostratigraphiques nouvelle (ammonites, foraminiferes) endémesme et corréations stratigraphiques, 21. In Société géologique de France (ed.) Réunion Spécialisée APF-SGF “De la Biostratigraphie a la Paléobiogéographie”, Lyon, 21-28 novembre 1997.

Cuffey, R.J. & Ehleiter, J.E. 1984. New bryozoan species from the Mid-Jurassic Twin Creek and Carmel Formations of Wyoming and Utah. Journal of Paleontology 58, 668-682.

Di Martino, E. & Taylor, P.D. 2013. First bryozoan fauna from a tropical Cretaceous carbonate: Simsima Formation, United Arab Emirates-Oman border region. Cretaceous Research 43, 80-96.View article

Feldman, H.R. & Brett, C.E. 1998. Epi- and endobiontic organisms on Late Jurassic crinoid columns from the Negev Desert, Israel: Implications for co-evolution. Lethaia 31, 57-71.View article

Feldman, H.R., Owen, E.F. & Hirsch, F. 2001. Brachiopods from the Jurassic (Callovian) of Hamakhtesh Hagadol (Kurnub Anticline), southern Israel. Palaeontology 44, 637-658.View article

Feldman, H.R., Schemm-Gregory, M., Ahmad, F. & Wilson, M.A. 2012. Jurassic rhynchonellide brachiopods from the Jordan Valley. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57, 191-204.View article

Gill, G.A., Thierry, J. & Tinant, H. 1985. Ammonites calloviennes du Sud d’Israël: Systématique, biostratigraphie et paléobiogéographie. Geobios 18(6), 705-767.View article

Gill, G.A. & Tintant, H. 1975. Les ammonites calloviennes du Sud d’Israël. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 14, 122-138.

Goldberg, M. 1963. Reference section of Jurassic sequence in Hamakhtesh Hagadol (Kurnub Anticline). Detailed binocular sample description, including field observations. 50 pp. Unpublished report, Israel Geological Survey.

Golonka, J. 2004. Plate tectonic evolution of the southern margin of Eurasia in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Tectonophysics 381, 35-273.View article

Grossowicz, L.P., Bassoullet, J.-P., Hirsch, F. & Peri, M. 2000. Jurassic large Foraminifera from Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research 12, 132-144.

Hall, J. 1847. Organic remains of the lower division of the New-York system. Natural History of New York, Part 6, Palaeontology of New York 1, 1-338.

Hallock, P., Hine, A.C., Vargo, G.A., Elrod, J.A. & Jaap, W.C. 1988. Platforms of the Nicaraguan Rise: Examples of the sensitivity of carbonate sedimentation to excess trophic resources. Geology 16, 1104-1107.View article

Haq, B.U. & Al-Qahtani, A.M. 2005. Phanerozoic cycles of sea-level change on the Arabian Platform. GeoArabia 10, 127-160.

Hara, U. & Taylor, P.D. 1996. Jurassic bryozoans from Bałtów, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Bulletin of The Natural History Museum, London (Geology Series) 52, 91-102.

Hara, U. & Taylor, P.D. 2009. Cyclostome bryozoans from the Kimmeridgian (Upper Jurassic) of Poland. Geodiversitas 31, 555-575.View article

Harmelin, J.-G. 1976. Le sous-ordre des Tubuliporina (Bryozoaries Cyclostomes) en Méditerranée, écologie et systématique. Mémoires de l’Institut Océanographique, Monaco 10, 1-326.

Hirsch, F. 1979. Jurassic bivalves and gastropods from northern Sinai and southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 28, 128-163.

Hirsch, F., Bassoullet, J.-P., Cariou, E., Conway, B., Feldman, H.R., Grossowicz, L., Honigstein, A., Owen, E.F. & Rosenfeld, A. 1998. The Jurassic of the southern Levant. Biostratigraphy, palaeogeography and cyclic events, 213-235. In Carasquin-Soleau, S. & Barrier, É. (eds) Peri-Tethys Memoir 4: Epicratonic Basins of Peri-Tethyan Platforms. Mémoires du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Paris 179.

Hirsch, F. & Roded, R. 1997. The Jurassic stratigraphic nomenclature in Hamakhtesh Hagadol, northern Negev. Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research 10, 10-14.

Hudson, R.G.S. 1958. The Upper Jurassic faunas of southern Israel. Geological Magazine 95, 415-425.View article

Jablonski, D., Roy, K. & Valentine, J.W. 2006. Out of the tropics: evolutionary dynamics of the latitudinal diversity gradient. Science 314, 102-106.View article

Jiménez-Sánchez, A., Taylor, P.D. & Gómez, J.B. 2013. Palaeogeographical patterns in Late Ordovician bryozoan morphology as proxies for temperature. Bulletin of Geosciences 88(2), 417-426.View article

Krawczyński, C. & Wilson, M.A. 2011. The first Jurassic thecideide brachiopods from the Middle East: A new species of Moorellina from the Upper Callovian of Hamakhtesh Hagadol, southern Israel. Acta Geologica Polonica 61, 71-77.

Kukliński, P. & Taylor, P.D. 2008. Are bryozoans adapted for living in the Arctic? Virginia Museum of Natural History, Special Publication 15, 101-110.

LAMOUROUX, J.V. 1821. Exposition méthodique des genres de l’ordre des polpiers. 115 pp. Agasse, Paris.

Lewy, Z. 1983. Upper Callovian ammonites and Middle Jurassic geological history of the Middle East. Israel Geological Survey Bulletin 76, 1-56.

Liddell, D.W. & Brett, C.E. 1982. Skeletal overgrowths among epizoans from the Silurian (Wenlockian) Waldron Shale. Paleobiology 8, 67-78.

Newton, R.B. 1921. On a marine Jurassic fauna from Central Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 9(7), 389-403.View article

Okamura, B., O’Dea, A. & Knowles, T. 2011. Bryozoan growth and environmental reconstruction by zooid size variation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430, 133-146.View article

Orbigny, A. d’ 1850. Prodrome de paléontologie stratigraphique universelle des animaux mollusques et rayonnés. Tome 1. 394 pp. Masson, Paris.View article

Pandey, D.K., Ahmad, F. & Fürsich, F.T. 2000. Middle Jurassic scleractinian corals from northwestern Jordan. Beringeria 27, 3-29.

PERGENS, E. & MEUNIER, A. 1886. La faune des Bryozoaires garumniens de Faxe. Annales de la Société Royale Malacologique de Belgique 12, 181-242.

Reiner, W. 1968. Callovian gastropods from Hamakhtesh Hagadol (southern Israel). Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 17, 171-198.

REUSS, A.E. 1867. Die Bryozoen, Anthozoen und Spongiaren des braunen Jura von Balin bei Krakau. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 27, 1-26.

Sharland, P.R., Casey, D.M., Davies, R.B., Simmons, M.D. & Sutcliffe, O.E. 2004. Arabian Plate sequence stratigraphy. GeoArabia 9, 199-214.

Taylor, P.D. 2009. Bryozoans from the Middle Jurassic of Balin, Poland: a revision of material described by A.E. Reuss (1867). Annalen des Naturhistorisches Museum in Wien 110 A, 17-54.

Taylor, P.D. & Allison, P.A. 1998. Bryozoan carbonates in space and time. Geology 26, 459-462.View article

Taylor, P.D. & Ernst, A. 2008. Bryozoans in transition: the depauperate and patchy Jurassic biota. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 263, 9-23.View article

TAYLOR, P.D. & SEQUEIROS, L. 1982. Toarcian bryozoans from Belchite in north-east Spain. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology Series 37, 117-129.

Taylor, P.D. & Wilson, M.A. 1996. Cuffeyella, a new bryozoan genus from the Late Ordovician of North America, and its bearing on the origin of the post-Paleozoic cyclostomes, 351-360. In Gordon, D.P., Smith, A.M. & Grant-Mackie, J.A. (eds) Bryozoans in Space and Time. NIWA, Wellington.

Taylor, P.D. & Wilson, M.A. 1999. Middle Jurassic bryozoans from the Carmel Formation of southwestern Utah. Journal of Paleontology 73, 816-830.

Taylor, P.D. & Wilson, M.A. 2002. A new terminology for marine organisms inhabiting hard substrates. Palaios 17, 522-525.View article

Taylor, P.D. & Wilson, M.A. 2003. Palaeoecology and evolution of marine hard substrate communities. Earth-Science Reviews 62, 1-103.View article

Taylor, P.D. & Zatoń´, M. 2008. Taxonomy of the bryozoan genera Oncousoecia, Microeciella and Eurystrotos (Cyclostomata: Oncousoeciidae). Journal of Natural History 42, 2557-2574.

Vermeij, G.J. 1977. The Mesozoic marine revolution: Evidence from snails, predators and grazers. Paleobiology 3, 245-258.

Vermeij, G.J. 2008. Escalation and its role in Jurassic biotic history. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 263, 3-8.View article

Vinn, O. & Wilson, M. A. 2010. Sabellid-dominated shallow water calcareous polychaete tubeworm association from the equatorial Tethys Ocean (Matmor Formation, Middle Jurassic, Israel). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 258, 31-38.View article

Viskova, L.V. 2006. Bryozoans of the genera Stomatopora Bronn and Stoporatoma gen. nov. (Stenolaemata) from the Middle Jurassic of Moscow City and the Moscow region. Paleontological Journal 40(4), 425-430.View article

Viskova, L.V. 2007. New bryozoans (Stenolaemata) from the Middle Jurassic of Moscow City and the Moscow region. Paleontological Journal 41(1), 49-60.View article

Viskova, L.V. 2008. New stenolaematous bryozoans from the Jurassic of Central European Russia (Moscow City and the Moscow and Kostroma Regions). Paleontological Journal 42(2), 149-158.View article

Viskova, L.V. 2009. New species of stenolaemate bryozoans from the Jurassic of the Moscow and Saratov Regions (Russia). Paleontological Journal 43(4), 408-417.View article

Walter, B. 1970. Les bryozoaires jurassiques en France. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon 35 [for 1969], 1-328.

Wierzbowski, H., Dembicz, K. & Praszkier, T. 2009. Oxygen and carbon isotope composition of Callovian-lower Oxfordian (Middle-Upper Jurassic) belemnite rostra from central Poland: a record of a late Callovian global sea-level rise? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 283, 182-194.View article

Wilson, M.A., Feldman, H.R., Bowen, J.C. & Avni, Y. 2008. A new equatorial, very shallow marine sclerozoan fauna from the Middle Jurassic (late Callovian) of southern Israel. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 263, 24-29.View article

Wilson, M.A., Feldman, H.R. & Krivicich, E.B. 2010. Bioerosion in an equatorial Middle Jurassic coral-sponge reef community (Callovian, Matmor Formation, southern Israel). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 289, 93-101.View article

Wilson, M.A., Reinthal, E.A. & Ausich, W.I. 2014. Parasitism of a new apiocrinitid crinoid species from the Middle Jurassic (Callovian) of southern Israel. Journal of Paleontology 88, 1212-1221.View article

Wood, R. 1987. Biology and revised systematics of some Late Mesozoic stromatoporoids. Special Papers in Palaeontology 37, 1-89.

Wood, R. 1999. Reef evolution. 414 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Zatoń´, M., Hara, U., Taylor, P.D. & Krobicki, M. 2013. Callovian (Middle Jurassic) cyclostome bryozoans from the Zalas Quarry, southern Poland. Bulletin of Geosciences 88, 837-863.View article

Zatoń´, M. & Taylor, P.D. 2009. Middle Jurassic cyclostome bryozoans from the Polish Jura. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54, 267-288.View article

Zatoń´, M. & Taylor, P.D. 2010. Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) cyclostome bryozoans from the Polish Jura. Bulletin of Geosciences 85(2), 275-302.View article

Zatoń´, M. & Vinn, O. 2011. Microconchids and the rise of modern encrusting communities. Lethaia 44, 5-7.View article