Arthropod cuticles from the upper Viséan (Mississippian) of eastern Germany

 

Authors: Haug JT, Hübers M, Haug C, Maas A, Waloszek D, Schneider JW, Kerp H

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 89, issue 3; pages: 541 - 552; Received 20 September 2013; Accepted in revised form 13 January 2014; Online 6 May 2014

Keywords: Mississippian, Lower Carboniferous, arthropod cuticles, Erzgebirge Basin,

full text (PDF, 3.5 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

Arthropod cuticles from the Mississippian (Early Carboniferous, Viséan) Hainichen Subgroup, Erzgebirge Basin, have been encountered in bulk-macerated samples from a roadcut exposure in Chemnitz-Glösa, eastern Germany. The cuticles are described in detail and compared with larger faunal components known from the same horizons. Part of the specimens represent remains of arthropod appendages, while others, though exhibiting fine detail of surface texture, could not be assigned to certain body regions. In all cases it remains difficult to assign the fragments from Chemnitz-Glösa to taxa known from the Hainichen Subgroup or from other localities yielding arthropod remains of similar preservation. However, it is suggested that several specimens may represent scorpion remains, either limb parts (piece of the pedipalp, distal claw of walking limb) or fragments of the body surface. One specimen, a single appendage element, could represent the first insect fragment from this locality. All fragments appear to be terrestrial faunal components. Chemnitz-Glösa is one of the very few Lower Carboniferous localities to yield remains of terrestrial arthropods and the only one outside Scotland.\r\n

References

BARTRAM, K.M., JERAM, A.J. & SELDEN, P.A. 1987. Arthropod cuticles in coal. Journal of the Geological Society 144, 513-517.View article

BRAUN, A. 1997. Vorkommen, Untersuchungsmethoden und Bedeutung tierischer Cuticulae in kohligen Sedimentgesteinen des Devons und Karbons. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A 245, 83-156.

CLARKSON, E.N.K., MILNER, A.R. & COATES, M.I. 1994. Palaeoecology of the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84, 417-425.View article

CLAYTON, G., COQUEL, R., DOUBINGER, J., GUEINN, K.J., LOBOZIAK, S., OWENS, B. & STREEL, M. 1977. Carboniferous miospores of western Europe: illustration and zonation. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 29, 1-71.

COATES, M.I. 1994. Actinopterygian and acanthodian fishes from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 317-327.

DUNLOP, J.A. & ANDERSON, L.I. 2005. A fossil harvestman (Arachnida, Opiliones) from the Mississippian of East Kirkton, Scotland. Journal of Arachnology 33(2), 482-489.View article

GAITZSCH, B., EGENHOFF, S., HESSE, S. & EHLING, B.-C. 2010. Variscan Early Molasses in the Saxo-Thuringian, 311-322. In LINNEMANN, U., KRONER, U. & ROMER, R.L. (eds) Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Saxo-Thuringia - From the Cadomian Active Margin to the Variscan Orogen. Schweizerbart, Science Publishers, Stuttgart.

GALTIER, J. & SCOTT, A.C. 1994. Arborescent gymnosperms from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 261-266.View article

GEHMLICH, M., LINNEMANN, U., TICHOMIROVA, M., GAITZSCH, B. & BOMBACH, K. 1998. Geochronologie invers gestapelter Deckenreste im Frankenberger Zwischengebirge. Terra Nostra 98(2), 52-54.

GRIMALDI, D. & ENGEL, M.S. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. 755 pp. Cambridge University Press, New York.

HARTUNG, W. 1938. Flora und Altersstellung des Karbons von Hainichen-Ebersdorf und Borna bei Chemnitz (Erzgeb. Becken). Abhandlungen des Sächsischen Geologischen Landesantstalt 8, 1-140.

HAUG, C., HAUG, J.T., WALOSZEK, D., MAAS, A., FRATTIGIANI, R. & LIEBAU, S. 2009. New methods to document fossils from lithographic limestones of southern Germany and Lebanon. Palaeontologia Electronica 12(3), 6T, 1-12.

HÜBERS, M., BOMFLEUR, B. & KERP, H. 2011. Dispersed lycopsid cuticles from the Mississippian of Chemnitz (Saxony, Germany). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 167, 10-15.View article

HÜBERS, M. & KERP, H. 2012. Oldest known mosses discovered in Mississippian (late Visean) strata of Germany. Geology 40, 755-758.View article

HÜBERS, M., KERP, H., SCHNEIDER, J.W. & GAITZSCH, B. 2013. Dispersed plant mesofossils from the Middle Mississippian of southeastern Germany: bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 193, 38-56.View article

JÄGER, H. & WIERICH. F. 2006. 6.2 Palynostratigraphie, 294-318. In AMLER, A. & STOPPEL, D. (eds) Stratigraphie von Deutschland VI. Unterkarbon (Mississippium). Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften 41.

JERAM, A.J. 1994a. Carboniferous Orthosterni and their relationship to living scorpions. Palaeontology 37(3), 513-550.

JERAM, A.J. 1994b. Scorpions from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland, with a revision of the infraorder Mesoscorpionina. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84, 283-299.View article

JERAM, A.J. 2001. Paleontology, 370-392. In BROWNELL, P. & POLIS, G.A. (eds) Scorpion biology and research. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

JERAM, A.J. & SELDEN, P.A. 1994. Eurypterids from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 301-308.

KERP, H. 1990. The study of fossil gymnosperms by means of cuticular analysis. Palaios 5, 548-569.View article

KERP, H. & KRINGS, M. 1999. Light microscopy of fossil cuticles, 52-56. In JONES, T.P. & ROWE, N.P. (eds) Fossil plants and spores: modern techniques. Geological Society of London, London.

MÁYAS, G. 1920. Funde neuer Pflanzenreste aus dem Kulm von Chemnitz-Borna. Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Chemnitz 20, 55-73.

NINDEL, F. 1955. Die tierischen Reste aus dem Karbon von Karl-Marx-Stadt und Hainichen i.S. Geologie 4(7/8), 673-694.

PATON, R.L. 1994. Elasmobranch fishes from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 329-330.

RASNITSYN, A.P. & QUICKE, D.L.J. 2002. History of Insects. xii + 517 pp. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.

ROLFE, W.D. I. 1980. Early invertebrate terrestrial faunas, 117-157. In PANCHEN, A.L. (ed.) The Terrestrial Environment and the Origin of Land Vertebrates. Academic Press, London.

RÖßLER, R. & SCHNEIDER, J.W. 1997. Eine bemerkenswerte Paläobiocoenose im Unterkarbon Mitteleuropas - Fossilführung und Paläoenvironment der Hainichen- Subgruppe (Erzgebirge-Becken). Veröffentlichungen des Museums für Naturkunde Chemnitz 20, 5-44.

ROTHPLETZ, A. 1880. Die Flora und Fauna der Culmformation bei Hainichen in Sachsen. Botanisches Centralblatt 1(1), 1-40.

SCHNEIDER, J.W., HOTH, K., GAITZSCH, B.G., BERGER, H.J., STEINBORN, H., WALTER, H. & ZEIDLER, M.K. 2005. Carboniferous stratigraphy and development of the Erzgebirge Basin, East Germany. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften 156(3), 431-466.View article

SCHNEIDER, J.W., LUCAS, S.G., WERNEBURG, R. & RÖßLER, R. 2010. Euramerican Late Pennsylvanian / Early Permian arthropleurid/tetrapod associations - implications for the habitat and paleobiology of the largest terrestrial arthropod, 49-70. In LUCAS, S.G., SCHNEIDER, J.W. & SPIELMANN, J.A. (eds) Carboniferous-Permian transition in Canon del Cobre, northern New Mexico. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science 49.

SCHNEIDER, J.W. & ROMER, R.L. 2010. The Late Variscan Molasses (Late Carboniferous to Late Permian) of the Saxo-Thuringian Zone, 323-346. In LINNEMANN, U., KRONER, U. & ROMER, R.L. (eds) Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Saxo-Thuringia - From the Cadomian Active Margin to the Variscan Orogen. Schweizerbart, Science Publishers, Stuttgart.

SCOTT, A.C., BROWN, R. GALTIER, J. & MEYER-BERTHAUD, B. 1994. Fossil plants from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 249-260.

SELDEN, P.A., SHEAR, W.A. & SUTTON, M.D. 2008. Fossil evidence for the origin of spider spinnerets, and a proposed arachnid order. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(52), 20781-20785.View article

SHEAR, W.A. 1994. Myriapodous arthropods from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 84(3-4), 309-316.

SHEAR, W.A., BONAMO, P.M., GRIERSON, J.D., ROLFE, W.D.I., SMITH, E.-L. & NORTON, R.A. 1984. Early land animals in North America: evidence from Devonian age arthropods from Gilboa, New York. Science 224, 492-494.View article

SHEAR, W.A. & KUKALOVÁ-PECK, J. 1990. The ecology of Paleozoic terrestrial arthropods: the fossil evidence. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 1807-1834.View article

SMITHSON, T.R., WOOD, S.P., MARSHALL, J.E. & CLACK, J.A. 2012. Earliest Carboniferous tetrapod and arthropod faunas from Scotland populate Romer’s Gap. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109, 4532-4537.View article

STANKIEWICZ, B.A., SCOTT, A.C., COLLINSON, M.E., FINCH, P., MÖSLE, B., BRIGGS, D.E.G. & EVERSHED, R.P. 1998. Molecular taphonomy of arthropod and plant cuticles from the Carboniferous of North America: implications for the origin of kerogen. Journal of the Geological Society 155, 453-462.View article

STERZEL, J.T. 1884. Über die Flora und das geologische Alter der Kulmformation von Chemnitz-Hainichen. Bericht der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Chemnitz (Festschrift) 1883-1884, 181-224.

STORMER, L. 1970. Arthropods from the Lower Devonian (Lower Emsian) of Alken an der Mosel, Germany. Part 1: Arachnida. Senckenbergiana lethaea 51, 335-369.

STORMER, L. 1976. Arthropods from the Lower Devonian (Lower Emsian) of Alken an der Mosel, Germany. Part 5: Myriapoda and additional forms, with general remarks on fauna and problems regarding invasion of land by arthropods. Senckenbergiana lethaea 57, 87-183.

WARD, P., LABANDEIRA, C., LAURIN, M. & BERNER, R.A. 2006. Confirmation of Romer’s Gap as a low oxygen interval constraining the timing of initial arthropod and vertebrate terrestrialization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103, 16818-16822.View article

WHYTE, M.A. 2005. Palaeoecology: A gigantic fossil arthropod trackway. Nature 438, 576.View article

WINSLOW, M.R. 1959. Upper Mississippian and Pennsylvanian megaspores and other plant microfossils from Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 86, 1-135.