New insectivores (Lipotyphla, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of the Sivas Basin, Central Anatolia

 

Authors: Furió M, Van Dam J, Kaya F

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 89, issue 1; pages: 163 - 181; Received 29 July 2013; Accepted in revised form 24 October 2013; Online 21 January 2014

Keywords: Hayranlý, Düzyayla, Insectivora, Neogene, Turkey, Desmanodon, biostratigraphy,

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Abstract

The ages of the rich Central Anatolian Late Miocene mammal sites Hayranlý 1 and Düzyayla are only approximately known. One of the main reasons for the age uncertainties is the substantial faunal difference between Anatolia and Europe during this time slice, hampering correlations to the European MN system. Previously, a MN 10 or MN 11 age has been assigned to Hayranlý 1 (Anatolian Zone J) and a MN 12 age to Düzyayla (Zone K) based on rodents. Here we studied the fossil insectivores from these two Turkish Miocene localities. We found an almost identical faunal content of the two localities, including one erinaceid (Schizogalerix sinapensis), five soricids (Paenelimnoecus sp., Amblycoptus oligodon, Petenyia dubia, Soricinae indet. and Crocidurinae/Crocidosoricinae indet.), and two talpids (Desmanella aff. cingulata and Desmanodon larsi sp. nov.). With the only difference being the absence of Paenelimnoecus in Düzyayla, the insectivore fauna suggests that the sites are not significantly different in age. The presence of A. oligodon is indicative of MN 12 in Europe. The rest of the assemblage is in complete agreement with a Turolian (MN 11–13) age. Our results also imply that D. larsi sp. nov. represents the youngest record of Desmanodon, extending the biostratigraphical range of this genus significantly.

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