Biofacies and age of Cambrian trilobite associations of the Diringde reef complex (northern Siberian Platform, Russia)

 

Authors: Pegel TV

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 89, issue 2; pages: 335 - 345; Received 18 February 2013; Accepted in revised form 25 March 2014; Online 5 May 2014

Keywords: Cambrian, trilobite associations, Diringde reef complex, biofacies, Siberian Platform,

full text (PDF, 5.87 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

The Diringde reef complex (Kotuy River Basin, Southwest of the Anabar Region, northern Siberian Platform, Russia) has formed during the late mid-Cambrian-early Furongian at the shelf margin of the epicontinental marine basin. Two detached carbonate buildup complexes originated. The southern mid-Cambrian buildup complex is replaced laterally by shale-carbonate rocks of the open basin slope. The northern mid-Cambrian-Furongian buildup complex passes laterally into the inner shelf dolomites. The trilobite associations of the central parts of both buildup complexes consist of rare endemic polymerids, distributed mainly in interbeds between algal buildups. The trilobite associations in narrow facial transition zones (reef flanks) to surrounding stratified deposits differ in having more abundant polymerids, higher taxonomic diversity, and include also agnostoids. The trilobite associations are similar to the assemblage of the reef-dominated mid-Cambrian-Furongian Chukuka Formation that is widespread in the neighboring South Anabar Region. The associations from the reef flank of the southern buildup complex consist mainly of species distributed in Cambrian shallow- water deposits of the Saami, Sakha, Nganasany and Tavgi horizons in the Kulyumbe River reference section, northwestern Siberian Platform. The trilobite assemblages of deeper water deposits of the Eyra Formation that are found on the open marine side of the Diringde reef complex combine typical elements of mainly endemic, shallow-water associations of the southern buildups and the slope basin associations with various cosmopolitan pre-Furongian agnostoids enabling international correlations.

References

ANONYMOUS 1983. Resulutions of All-Union stratigraphical meeting on the Proterozoic, Palaeozoic and Quaternary of Middle Siberia, Part 1 (Upper Proterozoic and Lower Palaeozoic). 216 pp. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

ASTASHKIN, V.A., PEGEL, T.V., SHABANOV, Y.Y., SUKHOV, S.S., SUNDUKOV, V.M., REPINA, L.N., ROZANOV, A.Y. & ZHURAVLEV, A.Y. 1991. The Cambrian System of the Siberian Platform. 133 pp. International Union of Geological Sciences, Publication No 27.

ASTASHKIN, V.A., VARLAMOV, A.I., SHISHKIN, B.B & FEDOROV, A.B. 1984. Chukuka barier reef complex, 63-74. In ASTASHKIN, V.A. (ed.) Geologiya i perspektivy neftegazonosnosti rifovykh sistem kembriya Sibirskoy platformy. Izdateľstvo Nedra, Moskva. [in Russian]

BUTTS, C. 1926. The Palaeozoic rocks, 41-230. In ADAMS, G.I., BUTTS, C., STEPHANSON, L.W. & COOKE, W. (eds) Geology of Alabama. Geological Survey of Alabama Special Report 14, 1-312.

CHERNYSHEVA, N.E., EGOROVA, L.I., OGIENKO, L.V., POLETAEVA, O.K. & REPINA, L.N. 1956. Materials on Palaeontology. New families and genera. Class Trilobita. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo nauchnogo-issledovateľskogo geologicheskogo instituta (VSEGEI), New Series 12, 145-182. [in Russian]

CLARK, T.H. 1948. Theodenisia, new name, replacing Denisia Clark. Journal of Paleontology 22, 643.

DALMAN, J.W. 1828. Arsberättelse om nyare zoologiska arbeten och upptäcker, till Konglige Vetenskaps-Academiens Embetsmän den 31 mars 1828. 138 pp. P.A. Norstedt & Söner, Stockholm.

EGOROVA, L.I., LOMOVITSKAYA, M.P., POLETAEVA, O.K. & SIVOV, A.G. 1955. Class Trilobita, Trilobites, 102-145. In KHALFIN, L.L. (ed.) Atlas of index forms of fossil faunas and floras of Western Siberia 1. 501 pp. Gosgeoltechizdat, Moscow. [in Russian]

ERGALIEV, G.K. 1980. Middle and Upper Cambrian trilobites from Maly Karatau. 211 pp. Akademiya nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Alma-Ata. [in Russian]

GOGIN, I.Y. 1990. New Late Cambrian trilobites from Sette-Daban. Ezhegodnik Vsesoyuznogo paleontologicheskogo obshchestva 33, 140-152. [in Russian]

GOGIN, I.Y. & PEGEL, T.V. 1997. Middle and Upper Cambrian trilobites from the western part of Sette-Daban, 100-132. In KOREN’, T.N. (ed.) Atlas of the zonal complexes of leading groups of early Palaeozoic fauna in northern Russia. 212 pp. VSEGEI, St. Pertersburg. [in Russian]

GOGINA, N.I., LEONOV, B.N. & POKROVSKAYA, N.V. 1966. Once again to the question of the Chukuka Formation and about the regional discordance in the sequence of the Upper Cambrian strata. Uchenye zapiski Nauchno-issledovateľskogo instituta geologii Arktiki, Regionaľnaya geologiya 9, 88-94. [in Russian]

HENDERSON, R.A. 1976. Upper Cambrian (Idamean) trilobites from western Queensland, Australia. Palaeontology 19, 325-364.

HOWELL, B.F. 1937. Cambrian Centropleura vermontensis fauna of northwestern Vermont. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 48, 1147-1210.

HOWELL, B.F. & DUNCAN, D. 1939. Middle-Upper Cambrian transition faunas of North America. Bulletin of the Wagner Free Institute of Science 14(1), 1-11.

IVLEV, N.F. 1973. New data on the stratigraphy of the Cambrian dolomite series of the South-West Prianabar area, 17-22. In MEĽNIKOV, N.V. & KHOMENKO, A.V. (eds) Novye dannye po geologii i neftegazonosnosti Sibirskoy platformy. Trudy SNIIGGiMS 167. [in Russian]

IVSHIN, N.K. 1962. Upper Cambrian trilobites of Kazakhstan. Part 2. 412 pp. Akademia nauk Kazakhskoy SSR, Alma-Ata. [in Russian]

KABAN’KOV, V.Y. 1966. On the boundary of the Middle and Upper Cambrian Series in the Siligir River basin (right tributary of the Olenek River). Uchenye zapiski Nauchno-issledovateľskogo instituta geologii Arktiki, Regionaľnaya geologiya 9, 57-77. [in Russian]

KHRAMOVA, A.P. 1968. Plethopeltoides Khramova gen. nov. from Upper Cambrian deposits of the northern Siberian Platform. Uchenye zapiski Nauchno-issledovateľskogo instituta geologii Arktiki, Paleontologiya i biostratigrafiya (NIIGA) 21, 44-49. [in Russian]

KHRAMOVA, A.P. 1977. New species of the Upper Cambrian Trilobites of the Siberian Platform, 65-67. In STUKALINA, G.A. (ed.) Novye vidy drevnikh rasteniy i bespozvonochnykh SSSR. Izdateľstvo Nauka, Moskva. [in Russian]

KHRAMOVA, A.P. 1980. New Upper Cambrian trilobites of Yakutia, 166-171. In VASILENKO, V.P. et al. (eds) Novye rody i vidy drevnikh rasteniy i bespozvonochnykh SSSR. Izdateľstvo Nedra, Leningrad. [in Russian]

KOBAYASHI, T. 1943. Cambrian faunas of Siberia. Journal of the Faculty of Science of the Imperial University of Tokyo 2, Geology 6, 271-334.

KRYS’KOV, L.N., LAZARENKO, N.P., OGIENKO, L.V.& CHERNYSHEVA, N.E., 1960. New early Palaeozoic trilobites of Eastern Siberia and Kazakhstan, 211-255. In MARKOVSKIY, B.P. (ed.) Novye vidy drevnikh rasteniy i bezpozvonovhnykh SSSR 2. [in Russian]

KUTEYNIKOV, E.S., LAZARENKO, N.P. & MIKHAYLOV, M.V. 1976. Chukuka association of trilobites in the Middle Cambrian strata of the Maya River, 176-183. In ZABALUEV, V.V. (ed.) Geologicheskoe stroenie i voprosy neftegazonosnosti Yakutskoy ASSR. Trudy VNIGRI 385. [in Russian]

LAZARENKO, N.P. 1960. Some Upper Cambrian trilobites from the northwestern Siberian Platform. Sbornik statei po paleontologii i piostratigrafii (NIIGA) 20, 12-44.

LAZARENKO, N.P. 1968. New trilobites from the Cambrian deposits of northern Siberia. Trudy Nauchno-issledovateľskogo instituta geologii Arktiki 155, 176-202. [in Russian]

LAZARENKO, N.P., GOGIN, I.Y., PEGEL, T.V., SUKHOV, S.S., ABAIMOVA, G.P., EGOROVA, L.I., FEDOROV, A.B., RAEVSKAYA, E.G. & USHATINSKAYA, G.T. 2008. Excursion 1b. Cambrian stratigraphy of the northwestern Siberian Platform and potential stratotypes of lower boundaries of the proposed Upper Cambrian Chekurovian and Nelegerian stages in the Ogon’or Formation section at the Khos-Nelege River; the boundaries are defined by the FADs of Agnostotes orientalis and Lotagnostus americanus, 60-139. In ROZANOV, A.Y. & VARLAMOV, A.I. (eds) The Cambrian System of the Siberian Platform. Part 2: North-east of the Siberian Platform. PIN RAS, Moscow & Novosibirsk.

LERMONTOVA, E.V. 1951. Upper Cambrian trilobites and brachiopods from Boshchekul (NE Kazakhstan). 49 pp. Vsesoyuzniy Nauchno-issledovatelskiy geologicheskiy institut (VSEGEI), Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo, Moscow.

LOCHMAN, C. 1936. New trilobite genera from the Bonneterre Dolomite (Upper Cambrian) of Missouri. Journal of Paleontology 10, 35-43.

ÖPIK, A.A. 1967. The Mindyallan fauna of north-western Queensland. Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology & Geophysics Australia Bulletin 74, 1-404 and 1-167 (2 vols).

PEGEL, T.V. 1982. The distribution pattern of trilobite communities in the Diringde Reef Complex (Cambrian of the South-West Prianabar area), 82-89. In ASTASHKIN, V.A. (ed.) Stratigrafiya i fatsii osadochnykh basseynov Sibiri. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

PEGEL, T.V. 1989. The trilobite biofacies in the Diringde reef complex of Cambrian in the South-West Prianabar area, 20-34. In BULYNNIKOVA, S.P. & YADRENKINA, A.G. (eds) Biofatsiaľniy analiz pri paleogeograficheskikh rekonstruktsiyakh. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

PEGEL, T.V. 2010. A correlation of the late Middle Cambrian different facies deposits of the type sections of the Siberian Platform, 110-123. In BUDNIKOV, I.V. & KRAEVSKIY, B.G. (eds) Regionaľnaya geologiya, stratigrafiya i paleontologiya dokembriya i nizhnego paleozoya Sibiri. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

PEGEL, T.V. & KHRAMOVA, A.P. 1985. Trilobites from the Chukuka lithofacial complex on the Siberian Platform, 37-46. In ASTASHKIN, V.A. (ed.) Stratigraphia i paleontologia prekembria i phanerozoa Sibirii. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

RASETTI, F. 1944. Upper Cambrian trilobites from the Levis Conglomerate. Journal of Paleontology 18, 229-258.

ROSOVA, A.V. 1963. A biostratigraphic scheme for the Upper and upper Middle Cambrian and new Upper Cambrian trilobites. Geologiya i geofizika 9, 3-19.

ROSOVA, A.V. 1964. Biostratigraphy and descriptions of Middle and Upper Cambrian trilobites of the northwestern Siberian Platform. 148 pp. Izdateľstvo Nauka, Moscow. [in Russian]

ROSOVA, A.V. 1968. Biostratigrafiya i trilobity verkhnego kembriya i nizhnego ordovika severo-zapada Sibirskoy platformy. 196 pp. Trudy Instituta geologii i geofiiziki Sibirskogo otdeleniya Akademii nauk SSSR 36. Izdateľstvo Nauka, Moskva. [in Russian; English translation 1984. Biostratigraphic zoning and trilobites of the Upper Cambrian and Lower Ordovician of the Northwestern Siberian Platform. 243 pp. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi.]

ROSOVA, A.V. 1984. Cambrian. Upper Series, 46-50. In ARKHIPOV, S.A. et al. (eds) Fanerozoy Sibiri, 1. Vend, paleozoy. Izdateľstvo Nauka, Novosibirsk. [in Russian].

SAVITSKY, V.E. 1959. Cambrian. South-West slope of the Anabar uplift, 103-115. In TKACHENKO, B.V. (ed.) Stratigrafiya siniyskikh i kembriyskikh otlozheniy severo-vostoka Sibirskoy platformy. Trudy NIIGA 101. Gostoptekhizdat, Leningrad. [in Russian]

SHISHKIN, B.B. 1981. The structure of Middle-Upper Cambrian Diringde reef complex of Southwestern Prianabar area, 128-131. In TROFIMUK, A.A. & KONTOROVICH, A.E. (eds) Litologiya i geokhimiya neftegazonosnykh tolshch Sibirskoy platformy. Izdateľstvo Nauka, Moskva. [in Russian]

SHISHKIN, B.B. & PEGEL, T.V. 1978. On stratigraphy of the Cambrian dolomite series in the middle course of the Kotuy River (South-West Prianabar area), 36-44. In REPINA, L.N. & TESAKOV, Y.I. (eds) Novoye v stratigrafii i paleontologii nizhnego paleozoya Sredney Sibiri. Institut geologii i geofiziki Siberskogo otdeleniya Academii nauk SSSR, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

SHISHKIN, B.B., PEGEL, T.V. & FEDOROV, A.B. 1978. The structure of Middle-Upper Cambrian reef-depositional complex of Southwestern Prianabar area, 34-44. In KRASNOV, V.I. (ed.) Aktuaľnye voprosy regionaľnoy geologii Sibiri. Izdateľstvo SNIIGGiMS, Novosibirsk. [in Russian]

SHRANK, E. 1975. Kambrische Trilobiten der China-Kollektion v. Richthofen. Teil 2. Die Fauna mit Kaolishania? quadriceps von Saimaki. Zeitschrifte geologischen Wissenschaften Berlin 3(5), 591-619.

ŠNAJDR, M. 1957. On new trilobites of the Cambrian of Bohemia. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického 32, 235-244.

SUKHOV, S.S. 1997. Cambrian depositional history of the Siberian craton: evolution of the carbonate platforms and basins. Sedimentary Facies and Palaeogeography 15(5), 27-39.

ULRICH, E.O. 1924. Notes on new names in table of formations and on physical evidence of breaks between Paleozoic systems in Wisconsin. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 21, 71-107.

WALCOTT, C.D. 1924. Cambrian and Lower Ozarkian trilobites. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 75, 53-60.

WALCOTT, C.D. & RESSER, C.E. 1925. Trilobites from the Ozarkian sandstones of the island of Novaya Zemlya. Reports of the Scientific Results of the Norwegian Expedition to Novaya Zemlya 1921 24, 1-14.

WALLERIUS, I.D. 1895. Undersökningar öfver zonen med Agnostus laevigatus i Vestergötland, jämpte en inledante öfversikt af Vestergötlands samtliga Paradoxideslager. Gleerupska Universitets-Bokhandeln, Lund, 1-72.

WESTERGARD, A.H.1946. Agnostidae of the Middle Cambrian of Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Avhandlingar och uppsatser, Series C 477, 40(1), 1-140.

WILSON, J.L. 1951. Franconian trilobites of the central Appalachians. Journal of Paleontology 25, 617-654.