Correlation between the base of Drumian Stage and the base of middle Caesaraugustan Stage in the Iberian Chains (NE Spain)

 

Authors: Gozalo R, Martorell JBCH, Esteve J, Linán E

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 86, issue 3; pages: 545 - 554; Received 3 January 2011; Accepted in revised form 15 June 2011; Online 25 July 2011

Keywords: Trilobites, biostratigraphy, Cambrian Stage 5 - Drumian boundary, middle Cambrian / Cambrian Series 3, Mediterranean region,

full text (PDF, 2.31 MB)

Export to RIS

 

Abstract

Inter-regional Cambrian correlations are difficult amongst different palaeogeographic provinces, because of a lack of shared genera and species between different palaeogeographic provinces. The Drumian Stage shows this difficulty because it was defined by the FAD of the agnostoid Ptychagnostus atavus, which species has not yet been found in the Mediterranean subprovince. Thus it is necessary to establish a correlation between the ISCS scale and the local scale using other trilobites. New data from the Iberian Chains and a review of previous works suggest that the bases of Pardailhania hispida and Ptychagnostus atavus zones are approximately equivalent. Therefore Pardailhania hispida FAD could be used to mark the beginning of the Drumian Stage in the Mediterranean region. This level is easily identifiable in several places: Montagne Noire (France), Cantabrian Mountains, Demanda Mountains and Iberian Chains (Spain), Sardinia (Italy), Amanos and Sultan Mountains (Turkey), and, probably, Antiatlas (Morocco).

References

Ahlberg, P., Axheimer, N., Babcock, L.E., Eriksson, M.E., Schmitz, B. & Terfelt, F. 2009. Cambrian high-resolution biostratigraphy and carbon isotope chemostratigraphy in Scania, Sweden: first record of SPICE and DICE excursions in Scandinavia. Lethaia 42, 2-16.View article

Álvaro, J.J., Bauluz, B., Subías, I., Pierre, C. & Vizcaino, D. 2008. Carbon chemostratigraphy of the Cambrian-Ordovician transition in a midlatitude mixed platform, Montagne Noire, France. Geological Society of America Bulletin 120, 962-975.View article

Álvaro, J.J. & Vizcaino, D. 1997. Révision des Trilobites Solenopleuropsinae du Cambrien moyen de la Montagne Noire (France). Geobios 30, 541-561.View article

Álvaro, J.J. & Vizcaino, D. 1998. Révision biostratigraphique du Cambrien moyen du versant méridional de la Montagne Noire (Languedoc, France). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 169, 233-242.

Angelin, N.P. 1851. Palaontologica Svecica. Pars I; Iconographia crustaceorum formationis transitionis. 24 pp. Academie Regiae Scientarium Suecanae, Holmiae (Stockholm).

Babcock, L.E., Rees, M.N., Robison, R.A., Langenburg, E.S. & Peng, S.C. 2004. Potential Global Stratotype-section and Point (GSSP) for a Cambrian stage boundary defined by the first appearance of the trilobite Ptychagnostus atavus, Drum Mountains, Utah, USA. Geobios 37, 149-158.View article

Babcock, L.E., Robison, R.A., Rees, M.N., Peng, S. & Saltzman, M.R. 2007. The Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Drumian stage (Cambrian) in the Drum Mountains, Utah, USA. Episodes 30, 84-94.

Barrande, J. 1846. Notice préliminaire sur le systeme silurien et les trilobites de Boheme. vi + 96 pp. Hirschfeld, Leipzig.

Buchholz, A. 2004. Ein Geschiebe der Hypagnostus parvifrons-Zone (Mittelkambrium B3) mit feinstratigraphischer Schichtun und seltenen sowie neuen Trilobiten. Archiv für Geschiebekunde 3 (8/12), 501-524.

Chirivella Martorell, J.B. 2008. Sistemática de los Trilobites, bioestratigrafía y paleoecología del límite Leoniense-Caesaraugustiense (Cámbrico medio) en las Cadenas Ibéricas (NE de Espana). 226 pp. Doctoral thesis, Universitat de Valencia, Spain (unpublished).

Courtessole, R. 1973. Le Cambrien Moyen de la Montagne Noire. Biostratigraphie. 248 pp. Imprim. d’Oc, Toulousse.

Cotton, T.J. & Fortey, R.A. 2005. Comparative morphology and relationships of the Agnostida, 95-136. In Koenemann, S. & Jenner, R. (eds) Crustacea and arthropod relationships. Crustacean Issues 16.

Dean, W.T. 2005. Trilobites from the Çal Tepe Formation (Cambrian), Near Seydisehir, Central Taurides, Southwestern Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 14, 1-71.

Dean, W.T. 2006. Cambrian Stratigraphy and Trilobites of the Samur Dag Area, South of Hakkâri, Southeastern Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 15, 225-257.

Elicki, O. & Geyer, G. 2010. Cambrian biostratigraphy, 103-114. In Linnemann, U. & Romer, R.L. (eds) Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Saxo-Thuringia - From the Cadomian Active Margin to the Variscan Orogen. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.

Esteve, J., Gozalo, R., Linán, E. & Chirivella Martorell, J.B. 2008. Pardailhania Thoral, 1947 (Solenopleuropsinae, Trilobita) from Caesaraugustan (Middle Cambrian) of the Iberian Chains (NE Spain), 99-103. In Rábano, I., Gozalo, R. & Garcia-Bellido, D. (eds) Advances in Trilobite Research. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 9. Instituto Geológico y Minero de Espana, Madrid.

Fatka, O., Kordule, V. & Szabad, M. 2004. Stratigraphical distribution of Cambrian fossils in the Příbram-Jince Basin (Barrandian area, Czech Republic). Senckebergiana lethaea 84, 367-381.View article

Fatka, O. & Mergl, M. 2009. The ‘microcontinent’ Perunica: status and story 15 years after conception. Geological Society of London, Special Publications 325, 65-101.View article

Fletcher, T.P. 2006. Bedrock geology of the Cape St. Mary’s Peninsula, southwest Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland (includes parts of NTS maps sheets 1M/1, 1N/4, 1L/6 and 1K/13), Newfoundland. 117 pp. Report 06-02, Goverment of Newfoundland and Labrador, Geological Survey, Department of Natural Resources, St. John’s.

Fletcher, T.P. 2007. Correlating the zones of ‘Paradoxides hicksii’ and ‘Paradoxides davidis’ in Cambrian Series 3. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 33, 35-56.

Gámez, J.A., Fernández-Nieto, C., Gozalo, R., Linán, E., Mandado, J. & Palacios, T. 1991. Bioestratigrafía y evolución ambiental del Cámbrico de Borobia (Provincia de Soria, Cadena Ibérica Oriental). Cuadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 16, 251-271.

Gámez Vintaned, J.A., Schmitz, U. & Linán, E. 2009. Upper Vendian-lowest Ordovician sequences of the western Gondwana margin, NE Spain, 231-244. In Craig, J., Thurow, J., Thusu, B., Whitham, A. & Abutarruma, Y. (eds) Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa. Geological Society of London, Special Publications 326.

Geyer, G. & Landing, E. 2006. Edicaran-Cambrian depositional environments and stratigraphy of the western Atlas regions. Beringeria, Special Issue 6, 47-112.

Geyer, G., Landing, E. & Heldmaier, W. 1995. Faunas and depositional environments of the Cambrian of the Moroccan Atlas regions. Beringeria, Special Issue 2, 47-119.

Gozalo, R. & Linán, E. 1988. Los materiales hercínicos de la Cordillera Ibérica en el contexto del Macizo Ibérico. Estudios geológicos 44, 399-404.View article

Gozalo, R., Linán, E. & Álvaro, J. 1993. Bioestratigrafía del Cámbrico Medio de Villafeliche (Prov. Zaragoza, Espana). Revista Espanola de Paleontología no. extr., 49-57.

Gozalo, R., Linán, E. & Dies, M.E. 2003a. Intraspecific dimorphism in an evolutionary series of paradoxidids from the Middle Cambrian of Murero, Spain. Special Papers in Palaeontology 70, 141-156.

Gozalo, R., Linán, E., Gámez Vintaned, J.A., Dies Álvarez, M.E., ChirivellaMartorell, J.B., Zamora, S., Esteve, J. & Mayoral, E. 2008. The Cambrian of the Cadenas Ibéricas (NE Spain) and its trilobites, 137-151. In Rábano, I., Gozalo, R. & Garcia-Bellido, D. (eds) Advances in Trilobite Research. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 9. Instituto Geológico y Minero de Espana, Madrid.

Gozalo, R., Linán, E., Palacios, T., Gámez Vintaned, J.A.& Mayoral, E. 2003b. The Cambrian of the Iberian Peninsula: an overview. Geologica Acta 1, 103-112.View article

Gozalo, R., Linán, E. & Sdzuy, K. 1996. September 20. The Lower and Middle Cambrian of Murero and Villafeliche (West Asturian-Leonese Zone. Western Iberian Chain), 73-80. In Linán, E., Gámez Vintaned, J.A. & Gozalo, R. (eds) II Field Conference of the Cambrian Stage Subdivision Working Groups. International Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy. Spain, 13-21 September 1996. Field Trip Guide and Abstracts. Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza.

Howell, B.F. 1925. Faunas of the Cambrian Paradoxides Beds at Manuels, Newfoundland. Bulletins of American Paleontology 11(43), 1-140.

Howley, R.A. & Jiang, G. 2010. The Cambrian Drumian carbon isotope excursion (DICE) in the Great Basin, western United States. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 296, 138-150.View article

Hoyberget, M. & Bruton, D. L. 2008. Middle Cambrian trilobites of the suborders Agnostina and Eodiscina from the Oslo Region, Norway. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A 286, 1-87.

Hutchinson, R.D. 1962. Cambrian stratigraphy and Trilobite faunas of southeastern Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 88, 1-165.

Illing, V.C. 1916. The paradoxidian fauna of a part of the Stockingford Shales. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 71 (for 1915), 386-450.

Kim, D.H., Westrop, S.R. & Landing, E. 2002. Middle Cambrian (Acadian series) conocoryphid and paradoxidid trilobites from the Upper Chamberlain’s Brook Formation, Newfounland and New Brunswick. Journal of Paleontology 76, 822-842.View article

Linán, E., Álvaro, J.J., Gozalo, R., Gámez-Vintaned, J.A.& Palacios, T. 1995. El Cámbrico Medio de la Sierra de Córdoba (Ossa-Morena, S de Espana): trilobites y paleoicnología. Implicaciones bioestratigráficas y paleoambientales. Revista Espanola de Paleontología 10, 219-238.

Linán, E. & Gozalo, R. 1986. Trilobites del Cámbrico inferior y medio de Murero (Cordillera Ibérica). Memorias del Museo Paleontológico de la Universidad de Zaragoza 2, 1-104.

Linán, E., Gozalo, R., Dies Álvarez, M.E., Gámez Vintaned, J.A., Mayoral, E., Chirivella Martorell, J.B., Esteve, J., Zamora, S., Zhuravlev, A.Y. & Andrés, J.A. 2008. Fourth International Trilobite Conference Trilo 08 Toledo, Spain, 2008. Post- Conference Field Trip. Lower and Middle Cambrian trilobites of selected localities in Cadenas Ibéricas (NE Spain). 52 pp. Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza.

Linán, E., Gozalo, R., Palacios, T., Gámez Vinaned, J.A., Ugidos, J.M. & Mayoral, E. 2002. Cambrian, 17-29. In Gibbons,W. & Moreno, T. (eds) The Geology of Spain. Geological Society, London.

Linán, E., Perejón, A., Gozalo, R., Moreno-Eiris, E. & Oliveira, J.T. de 2004. The Cambrian System in Iberia. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 3, 1-63.

Linán, E., Perejón, A. & Sdzuy, K. 1993. The Lower-Middle Cambrian stages and stratotypes from the Iberian Peninsula: a revision. Geological Magazine 130, 817-833.View article

Linán, E., Sdzuy, K., álvaro, J.J., Gámez Vintaned, J.A. & Gozalo, R. 1996. September 19. The Jarque section: Lower and Middle Cambrian (West Asturian-Leonese Zone. Eastern Iberian Chain), 57-72. In Linán, E., Gámez Vintaned, J.A. &Gozalo, R. (eds) II Field Conference of the Cambrian Stage Subdivision Working Groups. International Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy. Spain, 13-21 September 1996. Field Trip Guide and Abstracts. Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza.

Loi, A., Pillola, G.L. & Leone, F. 1995. The Cambrian and Early Ordovician of south-western Sardinia. Rediconti del Seminario della Facolta di Scienze dell’Univerista di Cagliari, Suppl. 65, 61-81.

Martin, F. & Dean, W.T. 1988. Middle and Upper Cambrian acritarch and trilobite zonation at Manuels River and Random island, Eastern Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 381, 1-91.

Matthew, G.F. 1883. Illustrations of the fauna of the St. John Group. No. 1 - The Paradoxides. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 1(4), 271-279.

McKerrow, W.S., Scotese, C.R. & Brasier, M.D. 1992. Early Cambrian continental reconstructions. Journal of the Geological Society of London 149, 599-606.View article

Miquel, J. 1905. Essai sur le Cambrien de la Montagne Noire. Coulouma - l’Acadien. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 4eme série 5, 465-483.

Montanez, I.P., Osleger, D.A., Banner, J.L., Mack, L.E. & Musgrove, M. 2000. Evolution of the Sr and C Isotope Composition of Cambrian Oceans. GSA Today 10(5), 1-7.

Palacios, T. 1982. El Cámbrico entre Viniegra de Abajo y Mansilla (Sierra de la Demanda, Logrono). Trilobites e icnofósiles. 85 pp. Biblioteca de Estudios Riojanos, Logrono.

Peng, S., Babcock, L.E., Zuo, J., Lin, H., Zhu, X., Yang, X., Robison, R.A., Qi, Y., Bagnoli, G. & Chen, Y. 2009. The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Guzhangian Stage (Cambrian) in the Wuling Mountains, Northwestern Hunan, China. Episodes 32, 41-55.

Peng, S. & Robison, R.A. 2000. Agnostid biostratigraphy across the Middle-Upper Cambrian boundary in Hunan, China. Journal of Paleontology, The Paleontological Society Memoir 53, 1-104.

Rasetti, F. 1972. Cambrian trilobite faunas of Sardinia. Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Memoire 8(11), 1-98.

Robison, R.A. 1964. Late Middle Cambrian faunas from western Utah. Journal of Paleontology 38, 510-566.

Robison, R.A. 1982. Some Middle Cambrian Agnostoid Trilobites from western North America. Journal of Paleontology 56, 132-160.

Robison, R.A. 1984. Cambrian Agnostida of North America and Greenland. Part I, Ptychagnostidae. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 109, 1-59.

Rushton, A.W.A. 1979. A review of the Middle Cambrian Agnostida from the Abbey Shales, England. Alcheringa 3, 43-61.View article

Rushton, A.W.A, Williams, M., Siveter, D.J. & Berg-Madsen, V. 2007. A new mid-Cambrian trilobite fauna from Shropshire. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 118, 129-142.View article

Sdzuy, K. 1961. Das Kambrium Spaniens. Teil II: Trilobiten. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Abhandlungen der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse 1961(7-8), 217-408.

Sdzuy, K. 1968. Trilobites del Cámbrico Medio de Asturias. Trabajos de Geología, Universidad de Oviedo 1 (for 1967), 77-133.

Sdzuy, K. 1969. Biostratigrafía de la Griotte Cámbrica de los Barrios de Luna (León) y de otros sucesiones comparables. Trabajos de Geología, Universidad de Oviedo 2 (for 1968), 45-68.

Sdzuy, K. 1971. La subdivisión bioestratigráfica y la correlación del Cámbrico Medio de Espana. I Congreso Hispano-Luso-Americano de Geología Económica, Sección 1, Geología 2, 769-782.

Sdzuy,K. 1972. Das Kambrium der acadobaltischen Faunenprovinz. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie, Teil II(1972), 1-91.

Sdzuy, K. 2000. Das Kambrium des Fankenwaldes. 3. Die Lippertsgrüner Schichten und ihre Fauna. Senckenbergiana lethaea 79, 301-328.View article

Sdzuy, K., Linán, E. & Gozalo, R. 1996. The Middle Cambrian Series, 16-18. In Linán, E., Gámez Vintaned, J.A. & Gozalo, R. (eds) II Field Conference of the Cambrian Stage Subdivision Working Groups. International Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy. Spain, 13-21 September 1996. Field Trip Guide and Abstracts. Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza.

Sdzuy, K., Linán, E. & Gozalo, R. 1999. The Leonian Stage (early Middle Cambrian): a unit for Cambrian correlation in the Mediterranean subprovince. Geological Magazine 136, 39-48.View article

Shergold, J.H. & Geyer, G. 2003. The Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy: the status quo. Geologica Acta 1, 5-9.View article

Shergold, J.H. & Sdzuy, K. 1984. Cambrian and Early Tremadocian trilobites from Sultan Dag, Central Turkey. Senckenbergiana lethaea 65, 51-135.

Sjögren,A. 1872.Omnagra försteningar iÖlands kambriska lager. Geologiska Foereningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar 1, 67-85.View article

Šnajdr, M. 1958. Trilobiti českého středního kambria. Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického 24, 1-280.

Thomas, A.T., Owens, R.M. & Rushton, A.W.A. 1984. Trilobites in British stratigraphy. 78 pp. Geological Society of London, Special Report 16.

Thoral, M. 1935. Contribution a l’étude paléontologique de l’Ordovicien inférieur de la Montagne Noire et révision sommaire de la faune cambrienne de la Montagne Noire. 362 pp. Imprimerie de la Charité, Montpellier.

Valíček, J. 2006. A new agnostid trilobite from the Skryje-Týřovice area (Middle Cambrian, Jince Formation, Barrandian area, Czech Republic). Palaeontologia Bohemiae 10, 43-46.

Valíček, J. & Szabad, M. 2002. Revision early Middle Cambrian trilobite fauna from Bohemia. Palaeontologia Bohemiae 8, 75-98.

Westergard, A.H. 1946. Agnostidea of the Middle Cambrian of Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, ser. C 477, 1-110.

Zhu, M.-Y., Babcock, L.E. & Peng, S.-C. 2006. Advances in Cambrian stratigraphy and paleontology: Integrating correlation techniques, paleobiology, taphonomy and paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Palaeoworld 15, 217-222.View article

Zhu, M.-Y., Zhang, J.-M., Li, G.-X. & Yang, A.-H. 2004. Evolution of C isotopes in the Cambrian of China: implications for Cambrian subdivision and trilobite mass extinctions. Geobios 37, 287-301.View article