Foliage and seeds of malvalean plants from the Eocene of Europe


Authors: Kvaček Z, Wilde V

Published in: Bulletin of Geosciences, volume 85, issue 1; pages: 163 - 182; Received 9 October 2009; Accepted in revised form 23 November 2009; Online 21 January 2010

Keywords: Malvaceae s.l., Eocene, leaves, epidermal anatomy, seeds, Europe,

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New malvalean plants, based on foliage and seeds, are reported from the Eocene of Germany (Messel), the Czech Republic (Kučlín) and Hungary (Lábatlan). A new morphogenusByttneriopsis Kvaček & Wilde morphogen. nov. is provided for Eocene foliage with affinities to the Malvales Juss. fam. Malvaceae Juss. s.l. The representatives from Messel, based on leaf gross morphology and epidermal anatomy, include Byttneriopsis daphnogenes(Ettingshausen) Kvaček & Wilde comb. nov., Byttneriopsis steueri (Engelhardt) Kvaček & Wilde comb. nov. and Byttneriopsis spiegelii (Engelhardt) Kvaček & Wilde comb. nov. B. daphnogenes also occurs abundantly in Kučlín and Byttneriopsis steuerii in Lábatlan. Winged seeds similar to various Malvales, in particular to Pterospermum Schreb., co-occur at all three localities and are assigned to Saportaspermum Meyer & Manchester as a new morphospeciesSaportaspermum kovacsiae Kvaček & Wilde sp. nov.


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