Česká geologická služba
Česká geologická služba / Czech Geological Survey (CGS) is a public research institution. It is the leading geological research institute in the Czech Republic. It is a state-owned organisation supervised by the Ministry of Environment. Its staff counts 260 people, round 170 of them being university graduates. CGS played a “pioneering role” in introduction of CO2 storage-related R&D not only in the Czech Republic but also in the whole area of new EU Member States and Associated Candidate Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Through its leadership in CO2NET EAST - a European Co-ordination Action focused on CO2 capture and storage (CCS) knowledge transfer and awareness building in new EU Member States and Candidate Countries (2006-2009) - CGS became a real contact point and “link to the East” for the CCS stakeholders in the “old EU15” countries.
CGS’ CO2 storage-related R&D activities include storage potential assessment and capacity calculations, methodological research focused on reservoir characterisation (incl. methodology and utilisation of geophysical data, especially seismic, gravity and petrophysical), research on behaviour of CO2 and methane in rock/soil environment, on CO2 interactions in collector rocks and on CO2-CH4 interactions in coal seams, gas geochemistry incl. isotopic laboratory measurements, etc.
CGS is Czech national country representative in ENeRG (European Network for Research in Geo-Energy) and edits and publishes GEO ENeRGY, the newsletter of ENeRG. Since 2004, CGS has been a member of CO2NET, the Carbon Dioxide Knowledge Transfer Network. CGS took part in a series of European R&D projects, starting from the 4th Framework Programme and continuing up to now. At the moment, CGS is involved in four EU 6th Framework Programme R&D projects – CO2NET EAST (project coordinator), EU GeoCapacity, EUROLIMPACS and BIOSHALE.
CGS has its headquarters in Praha but most of the project activities will be performed by its branch office in Brno and the staff located in Brno, incl. the Project Co-ordinator, his deputy, Acitivity leaders and laboratory work.
International Research Institute of Stavanger (IRIS)
IRIS is a research and development institute partly owned (50%) by the University of Stavanger and 50% by a local foundation (Rogalandsforskning).
IRIS – Petroleum is the IRIS branch that will be involved in the project. Its staff consists of highly motivated and skilled scientists. This has resulted in many significant results applied by the industry. IRIS - Petroleum has several long term research programs sponsored by the Research Council of Norway and the petroleum industry. The main R&D areas are:
Under the main R&D area of Multiphase Reservoir Flow, IRIS is focusing on Improved Oil Recovery (IOR) at the IOR research group and at the International Centre of Improved Oil Recovery (ICIOR) established jointly with the Stavanger University College and ConocoPhillips, and focusing on enhanced hydrocarbon recovery for the Ekofisk field.
One of the technologies being evaluated for enhanced hydrocarbon recovery is CO2 injection is combining CO2 sequestration with enhanced hydrocarbon recovery. The Ekofisk field, South of Norway, is the most prominent petroleum bearing reservoir in the North Sea, and thus represents a large scale test, demonstration and implementation site for storage of CO2 in combination with enhanced hydrocarbon recovery.
The most relevant current activities at IRIS are experimental studies and evaluation of the potential for improved oil recovery from the Ekofisk field by injection of CO2. The CO2 gas will reduce the oil viscosity by dissolving in the oil, reduce the residual oil saturation, swell the oil phase and evaporate hydrocarbons into the gas phase. Parts of the CO2 will remain in the reservoir dissolved in water and the rest will be separated from the produced oil and gas and re-injected into the reservoir. In carbonate reservoirs permeability increase can be observed due to chemical reactions of CO2 with the rock.
Supporting research activities are experimental studies, simulation and evaluation of three phase flow in the Ekofisk field, and an extensive investigation of the potential for improved oil recovery from air injection in the Ekofisk reservoir, also including oxidation and combustion experiments (EU 5th Framework Programme project). The knowledge gained through the present research will be valuable for evaluation of CO2 flooding and storage, water alternating gas/CO2 injection, air injection, pressure blow-down, gas separation and downstream facilities engineering.
Established in 1982, IRIS-Petroleum Laboratory provides reservoir evaluation and high quality data, both on R&D and applied services, required for proper description of underground fluids bearing formations.
IRIS’ SCAL-Laboratory concentrates on acquiring data from experiments performed at reservoir conditions - at pressures and temperatures, and with fluids equivalent to those existing in the reservoirs. The combination of experienced staff and advanced instrumentation ensures high quality data.
The laboratory forms a versatile experimental set-up, adaptable to customers' needs. Our Laboratory holds an ISO 9001 certificate. Through over fifteen years of operation, IRIS-Core Laboratory has gained experience in several hundred projects. Today our laboratory is recognized as a laboratory for performing advanced special core analysis and a partner for discussing complex problems related to core analysis.
Recently, IRIS-Petroleum Laboratory has established laboratory facilities for petrophysical analyses. In addition the centrifuge equipment has been further developed to include runs at both full reservoir temperature and pressure with live crude oil.
Publication and conferences
IRIS Petroleum participates yearly at several international conferences, publications in referred journals and professional conferences, in addition to arranging international workshops.
IRIS Petroleum has a considerable number of PhD and MSc students and Post Doctoral scientists associated with research projects. We also assist the University of Stavanger in research-based education.
A strategic policy of co-operation has resulted in a large international scientific network; in Europe, USA, Latin-America, and Russia. In the field of CO2 storage, IRIS is partner of CO2GeoNet – the European Network of Excellence on geological storage of CO2, founded within the EU 6th Framework Programme.
Initiating new companies based on research and new innovative ideas is an important part of IRIS Petroleum's activity. Some important innovation projects are Badger, Drilltronics and Drillscene.
IRIS - Gas and Energy
IRIS Gas and Energy focus on several topics within the broad field of energy and gas related research and development. Key areas are gas based energy systems, improved energy efficiency, utilisation of new fuels (in particular hydrogen) and reduced emissions from energy use (including carbon capture and storage).
At IRIS Gas and Energy researches are going to study the condensation of CO2/H2O mixture for capturing CO2 in Oxy-Fuel processes and CO2 storage by mineral carbonation. A medium-scale CCS pilot plant is being planned at Risavika (just outside Stavanger) together with the Risavika Gas Centre and the University of Stavanger. The planned CCS pilot plant would be large enough to be significant and reflect the complexity of real industrial plants, but small enough to allow rapid and numerous changes at a reasonable cost, and it would be possible to test different CCS technologies.