Publisher © Czech Geological Survey, ISSN: 2336-5757 (online), 0514-8057 (print)
Palynological investigation of the Quaternary localities in the Lower Silesia – interdisciplinary and international research (Poland)
AbstractQuaternary sediments in Lower Silesian Forests (Poland) are represented by organic sediments (peat) and soils. During the year 2001, international and interdisciplinary research was started in Wiłkocin (Wi6) and Wiłkocin (TWC1.2) peat-bogs. During the year 2002, palynological study was continued in soil complex of the localities Wiłkocin (WKOP6R) and Księźa Górka (KG). Wiłkocin (Wi6) peat-bogs: These accompanying plants (e. g. Ledum palustre, Calluna vulgaris, Erlcaceae, Cyperaceae, Utricularia, Sphagnum) substitute the typical peat-bog vegetation. Human impact is represented by anthropogenic plants (e. g. Cerealia, Artemisia, Plantago, Centaurea cyanus, Agrostemma githago, Rumex, Fagopyrum, Sambucus nigra). Wiłkocin (TWC1,2) peat-bogs: These accompanying plants (e. g. Calluna vulgaris, Ericaceae, Ledum palustre, Cyperaceae, Menyanthes trifoliata, ComarumIPotentilla, Sphagnum) substitute the typical peat-bog vegetation. Human impact are represented by anthropogenic plants (e. g. Artemisia, Plantago, Centaurea cyanus, Agrostemma githago, Rumex, Cerealia, Fagopyrum). Wiłkocin (WKOP6R) soil complex: These accompanying plants (e. g. Alnus, f. Cyperaceae, Typha latifolia, Sphagnum, f. Polypodiaceae, Botryococcus) substitute the typical wetland vegetation. During its development, deposition of sediment occurred mainly in the Atlantic period. One sample of the locality was radiocarbon-dated (Gd: Radiocarbon Laboratory Silesian Technical University, Gliwice, Poland) at its base (depth l.65-1.85 m) at 6540+-200 years B.P. (Gd-16059). Księźa Górka (KG) soil complex: Three samples of the locality were radiocarbon-dated (Gd: Radiocarbon Laboratory Silesian Technical University, Gliwice, Poland) 14C: 0.85-0.95 m, 420+-90 years B.P. (Gd-15395); 1.28-1.40 m, 1400+-130 years B.P. (Gd-16133) and 1.99-2.04 m, 3820+-190 years B.P..