Ministerstvo životního prostředíVršovická 65
100 10 Praha 10
Tel.: +420-2-6712 1111
Fax: +420-2-6731 0308
bylo zřízeno 19. prosince 1989 zákonem ČNR č. 173/1989 Sb. k 1. lednu 1990 jako ústřední orgán státní správy a orgán vrchního dozoru ve věcech životního prostředí.
MŽP je ústředním orgánem státní správy pro ochranu přirozené akumulace vod, ochranu vodních zdrojů a ochranu jakosti podzemních a povrchových vod, pro ochranu ovzduší, přírody a krajiny, pro ochranu zemědělského půdního fondu, pro výkon státní geologické služby, pro ochranu horninového prostředí, včetně ochrany nerostných zdrojů a podzemních vod. Pro geologické práce a pro ekologický dohled nad těžbou, pro odpadové hospodářství a posuzování vlivů činností a jejich důsledků na životní prostředí včetně těch, které přesahují hranice státu. Je také ústředním orgánem státní správy pro myslivost, rybářství a lesní hospodářství v národních parcích a ústředním orgánem státní správy pro státní ekologickou politiku.
Další organizace v působnosti MŽP
Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic
The Ministry of the Environment, established on December 19, 1989 by Act No. 173/1989 S.B. of the Czech National Council, is, as of January 1, 1990 the supreme state administrative body and superior supervisory body in environmental matters in the Czech Republic.
The Ministry of the Environment is the supreme state administrative body for protection of the natural accumulation of water, protection of water sources and quality of ground and surface waters, for air protection, for protection of nature and the landscape, for protection of the agricultural land fund, for implementation of the state geological survey, and for protection of the geological environment, including protection of mineral resources and ground water. It is also the central authority for geological work and environmental supervision of mining, for waste management and for environmental impact assessment, including transboundary environmental impact assessment. In addition, it is the central state administrative authority for gamekeeping, fishing and forest management in national parks, and the central state administrative authority for state environmental policy.
The internal structure of the Ministry of the Environment reflects these tasks and fulfills the administrative and directive functions of the sector.
Section of Environmental Policy
is charged with formulation of the State Environmental Policy and its updating, with assessment of the country environment and coordination of activities connected with the preparatory process for accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union in the field of the environment, monitoring of macroeconomic impacts of the environmental policy, development of an identification system, and assessment of environmental risks.
Section of Legislation and State Administration
prepares drafts of environmental legislative documents, ensures evaluation of these legislative proposals, makes assessment of legal aspects of international conventions, coordinates state administration subordinated to the Ministry of the Environment, and supervises the special commission for complaints and assessment of influences and impacts of various activities on the environment.
Section of Technical Protection of the Environment
deals with water management policy, air protection policy, waste management and problems of past environmental damages, assessment of environmental obligations connected with the privatization process, and preparation of basic documents for a new legislation.
Section of Nature and Landscape Conservation
prepares the national strategy of nature conservation, as well as the strategy of agricultural land conservation, and of forest, game, and fish management in National Parks. The section is charged with landscape management and protection, protection of minerals and their deposits, and supervision of geological activities.
Offices of Minister and Ministry
The offices are responsible for contacts with the Government and the Parliament of the Czech Republic. They ensure control of activities in the sector of the Ministry of the Environment, and plan and organize the agenda of the Minister.
They are responsible for the internal functions of the Ministry of the Environment, for the Ministry’s media policy, supervision of the Ministry Reference and Information Center, including the library and their services, archives, correspondence services, and the diplomatic protocol. The Office of the Ministry is charged with the development and running of the information services, with the budget of the Ministry of the Environment, as well as with personal and organizational agendas.
Territorial Departments of the Ministry of the Environment
The Territorial Departments of the Ministry of the Environment were established on January 1, 1991, to carry out state environmental administration in the individual regions of the Czech Republic; these departments have the status of associated workplaces. The following nine Territorial Departments ensure uniform implementation of state administration and application of the pertinent environmental regulations throughout the whole territory of the Czech Republic: Territorial Department of Central Bohemia and the Capital City of Prague, České Budějovice Territorial Department, Plzeň Territorial Department, Chomutov Territorial Department, Liberec Territorial Department, Hradec Králové Territorial Department, Brno Territorial Department, Olomouc Territorial Department, and Ostrava Territorial Department.
Organizations Under the Jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Environment
Czech Environment Inspection Agency
The agency was established by Act No. 282/1991 S.B. on the Czech Environment Inspection and its jurisdiction in the protection of forests. It is entrusted with the state inspection of environmental matters. In addition to administrative work, it carries out inspection and supervision in relation to the basic components of the environment pursuant to pertinent laws. The agency covers the whole territory of the Czech Republic and is active in the protection of air, water, forests, and nature, as well as overseeing waste management practices
The Czech Environment Inspection Agency is divided into its Directorship and 10 district inspectorates, with offices in the cities of Praha, České Budějovice, Plzeň, Ústí nad Labem, Hradec Králové, Havlíčkův Brod, Brno, Olomouc, Ostrava and Liberec.
State Environmental Fund of the Czech Republic
The State Environmental Fund of the Czech Republic was established to implement the active environmental policy of the government. The Fund, which is one of the financial sources supporting the protection and improvement of the environment in the Czech Republic, collects money from penalties paid for the discharge of waste water into surface waters, fees for the discharge of pollutants into the air, payments for rezoning of agricultural land, and payments for depositing waste. It may also receive money as subsidies from the state budget, donations, etc.
Address: Kaplanova 1934, 140 00 Prague 4
Czech Environmental Institute
The Czech Environmental Institute is in charge of ecological and environmental protection research, as well as providing basic information for implementation of the state administration. Its Center of Public Information Services offers information on the activities of the whole sector.
Address: Vršovická 65, 100 10 Prague 10
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute oversees activity in the fields of meteorology and climatology, hydrology and air protection. It establishes and operates monitoring stations and networks and processes their results.
Address: Na Šabatce 17, 143 06 Prague 4 - Komořany
T. G. Masaryk Water Management Research Institute
This institute of water management studies water as a component of the environment.
Address: Podbabská 30, 160 62 Prague 6
Czech Geological Institute
The Czech Geological Survey is the executive body of the state geological survey, with extended jurisdiction over environmental issues. It collects, processes and presents gescience from the Czech Republic and develops methods of geological research and laboratory work connected with such studies.
Address: Klárov 3, 118 21 Prague 1
Geofond of the Czech Republic
The Geofond of the Czech Republic is the archiving, documentation, information, and study center for the state geological survey.
Address: Kostelní 26, 170 00 Prague 7
Agency of Nature Protection and Landscape Conservation of the Czech Republic
This agency was established to provide an information system for nature protection and professional care for nature and the landscape in the Czech Republic. It is in charge of the central register of nature protection and the Property Land Fund in specially-protected areas.
Address: Kališnická 4-6, 130 00 Prague 3
Research Institute of Ornamental Gardening
The Research Institute of Ornamental Gardening is active in the spheres of landscaping, orchard parks, production of ornamental plants, and landscape regeneration in damaged areas.
Address: Květnové náměstí 391, 252 43 Průhonice
Large Protected Areas in the Czech Republic
National parks are extensive areas that are unique on a national or international scale, a considerable part of which consists of natural or only slightly anthropologically-affected ecological systems. The use of national parks must be subordinate to the concept of preservation and improvement of natural conditions. Strict protective conditions are valid for three national parks in the territory of the Czech Republic:
Krkonoše National Park
Krkonoše National Park (KRNAP) was declared in 1963. It consists of the Krkonoše and Rýchory areas and covers 363 km2, with a protective zone of 184 km2. To the north it is connected to the Polish Karkonoski park narodowy, with which it constitutes a single natural unit. KRNAP is a Biosphere Reserve in the framework of the UNESCO Program Man and Biosphere (MAB).
Administration of Krkonoše National Park
Šumava National Park
Šumava National Park was declared in 1991 and has a territory with an area of 690 km2. The protective zone is provided by the Šumava Protected Landscape Area. UNESCO has declared this area as a Biosphere Reserve in the framework of the UNESCO Program Man and Biosphere. The National Park is connected to the south with the German National Park Bayerische Wald.
Administration of the Šumava National Park and Protected Landscape Area
Address: ul. 1. máje 260, 385 01 Vimperk
Podyjí National Park
Podyjí National Park was declared in 1991. It covers an area of 63 km2 and has a protective zone of 29 km2. Consideration is being given to establishing the Podyjí - Thayatal bilateral park in the Czech Republic and Austria.
Administration of the Podyjí National Park
Protected Landscape Areas
Protected landscape areas are extensive territories with harmoniously formed landscapes characterized by developed relief with a significant number of natural ecosystems and preserved monuments of historical settlements. Such areas can be used for economic purposes on the basis of zones with different level of protection, but only to preserve or improve their natural state. The protective conditions are not as strict as in national parks. In the Czech Republic, 24 protected landscape areas have gradually been established.
Administration of Protected Landscape Areas of the Czech Republic
As a central body for management of protected landscape areas in the Czech Republic, this organization carries out of the state administration implemented by the individual protected landscape area directorates, supervises activities of the individual administrations, and provides professional, methodical, documentary and information services for managing the protected landscape areas.
Protected Landscape Areas in the Czech Republic:
Environmental Protection Laws
In recent years, a number of laws have been passed in the Czech Republic for the protection of the environment. With the Czech Republic’s preparation for accession into the European Union, it is likely that additional environmental laws will be passed in the near future and that current laws will be amended and supplemented.
A. General Environmental Laws
4. Act No. 244/1992 S.B., on the Environmental Impact Assessment
B. Water Management
C. Air Protection
D. Protection of Nature and the Landscape
E. Protection of Agricultural Land Fund
F. Forest Management
G. Protection of the Geological Environment
H. Waste Management
Czech Republic and International Conventions in the Sphere of the Environment
The Czech Republic cooperates with other governments and international organizations to protect the environment on an international scale. The following is a list of important international conventions and agreements to which the Czech Republic is a Party:
- Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution